Stroke order
Stroke order

Han character

? (radical 46, ?+0, 3 strokes, cangjie input ? (U), four-corner 22770, composition ???)

  1. Kangxi radical #46, ?.

Derived characters


  • KangXi: page 307, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7869
  • Dae Jaweon: page 604, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 759, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5C71


simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has an article on:
o ?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-oracle.svg ?-bronze.svg ?-silk.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series (?) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
? *sre:n
? *sre:n, *sra:ns
? *sre:n
? *sre:n?, *sra:ns
? *sra:n, *sra:ns
? *sen
? *sen
? *sen
? *srin

Pictogram () - three mountain peaks. In the Oracle Bone Script, they were represented by triangles rather than vertical strokes. Compare ? (qi?), particularly earlier forms.


Unknown - no known cognates outside Sino-Bai. Cognate with Central Bai svrt ("mountain") (< Proto-Bai *sro?). Starostin compares it with Kayan s?ôn ("mountain").




  1. mountain; hill (Classifier: ? m c; ? mn)
    ??  -  d?ngsh?n  -  to climb a mountain
  2. hill-shaped object
    ??  -  b?ngsh?n  -  iceberg
  3. bundled straw in which silkworms spin cocoons
  4. gable
  5. A surname​. Shan

See also

  • ? (yuè)





(grade 1 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. mountain
  2. mine
  3. temple, temple ground
  4. Short for (Hieizan): Mount Hiei


  • Go-on: (sen)
  • Kan-on: (san, J?y?)
  • Kun: (yama, ?, J?y?)
  • Nanori: (taka); (takashi); (nobu)


Etymology 1

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Kanji in this term

Grade: 1

From Old Japanese.



? (hiragana , katakana , r?maji yama)

  1. a mountain (large mass of earth and rock) or (large) hill
  2. a mine (excavation usually consisting of small tunnels)
    Synonym: (k?zan)
  3. a heap, pile
  4. the top or high part of an object
    ? (nejiyama, "thread of a screw")
    ?? (b?shi no yama, "crown of a hat")
  5. a climax, peak
    Synonyms: ? (kuraimakkusu), (zetch?)
  6. a chance, gamble
  7. a guess, speculation
  8. a crime, criminal case
    Synonym: (hanzai jiken)
  9. mountain climbing, mountaineering
    Synonym: (yamanobori)
  10. Short for (yamaboko): a festival float usually decorated with a ? (hoko)
  11. (colloquial) Mount Hiei and/or Enryaku-ji
    Antonym: ? (tera)
  12. (mahjong) a wall, wall tile
Derived terms


? (hiragana , r?maji yama-)

  1. prefix for species that are wild or residing in mountains
Derived terms


? (hiragana , r?maji -yama)

  1. counter for number of stock rise and fall like a mountain (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
  2. counter for number of mountains, forests and/or mines
Derived terms

Proper noun

? (hiragana , r?maji Yama)

  1. a surname

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1

From Middle Chinese ? (MC n).

Sometimes spelled with rendaku (), as -zan.


? (hiragana , r?maji -san)

  1. Mount, Mt.
    1. suffix for names of mountains
    2. suffix for a temple's honorific mountain name
      Synonym: (sang?)
Derived terms

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1

From Old Japanese.

Borrowed from Old Korean (morye).[1][3]

Alternative forms


? (hiragana , r?maji mure)

  1. (archaic, obsolete) a hill or mountain


  1. ? 1.01.1 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN
  3. ^ 1995, (Daijisen) (in Japanese), T?ky?: Shogakukan, ->ISBN



? (eumhun ? ? (me san))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.



Han character

? (san, s?n)

  1. mountain

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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