|1/2 cent by East India Company (1845).|
|Obverse: Crowned head left with lettering Queen Victoria.||Reverse: Face value. I , year and East India Company inscribed outside wreath.|
|18,737,498 coins minted in 1845.|
In many national currencies, the cent, commonly represented by the cent sign (a minuscule letter "c" crossed by a diagonal stroke or a vertical line: ¢; or a simple "c") is a monetary unit that equals of the basic monetary unit. Etymologically, the word cent derives from the Latin word "centum" meaning hundred. Cent also refers to a coin worth one cent.
In the United States, the 1¢ coin is generally known by the nickname penny, alluding to the British coin and unit of that name.
In the European Union, coins designs are chosen nationally, while the reverse and the currency as a whole is managed by the European Central Bank (ECB).
In Canada, the 1¢ coin is no longer produced since 2012.
A cent is commonly represented by the cent sign, a minuscule letter "c" crossed by a diagonal stroke or a vertical line: ¢; or a simple "c", depending on the currency (see below). Cent amounts from 1 cent to 99 cents can be represented as one or two digits followed by the appropriate abbreviation (2¢, 5¢, 75¢, 99¢), or as a subdivision of the base unit ($0.99).
Back in the days of typewriters, the cent sign appeared as the shift of the 6 key. The cent sign has not survived the changeover from typewriters to computer keyboards (replaced positionally by the caret). There are alternative ways, however, to create the character (offset 162) in most common code pages, including Unicode and Windows-1252:
The cent sign has Unicode code point:
When written in English, the cent sign (¢ or c) follows the amount (with no space between), in contrast with a larger currency symbol, which is placed before the amount. For example, 2¢ and $0.02, or 2c and EUR0.02.
Examples of currencies featuring centesimal () units not called cent
Examples of currencies which do not feature centesimal () units:
Examples of currencies which use the cent symbol for other purpose:
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