114th United States Congress
114th United States Congress
113th 
-> 115th
United States Capitol in Morning.JPG
U.S. Capitol (September 2015)
January 3, 2015 - January 3, 2017
Senate President Joe Biden (D)
Senate Pres. pro tem Orrin Hatch (R)
House Speaker John Boehner (R)
until October 29, 2015
Paul Ryan (R)
from October 29, 2015
Members 100 senators
435 representatives
6 non-voting delegates
Senate Majority Republican
House Majority Republican
Sessions
1st: January 6, 2015[1] - December 18, 2015[2]
2nd: January 4, 2016[2] - January 3, 2017[3]

The One Hundred Fourteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 2015, to January 3, 2017, during the final two full years of Barack Obama's presidency. The 2014 elections gave the Republicans control of the Senate (and control of both houses of Congress) for the first time since the 109th Congress. With 248 seats in the House of Representatives and 54 seats in the Senate, this Congress began with the largest Republican majority since the 71st Congress of 1929-1931.

Major events

President Barack Obama gave the State of the Union Address on January 20, 2015
Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu addressed Congress on March 3, 2015
Secretary of State John Kerry, Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz, and Secretary of the Treasury Jack Lew defending the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action at a hearing of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on July 23, 2015
Pope Francis addresses Congress in 2015 as Head of State of Vatican City.

Major legislation

Enacted

Proposed

Vetoed

Party summary

Resignations and new members are discussed in the "Changes in membership" section, below.

Senate

Final composition of the U.S. Senate.
Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent Republican
End of previous Congress 53 2 45 100 0
Begin (January 3, 2015) 44 2 54 100 0
Final voting share 46.0% 54.0%  
Beginning of the next Congress 46 2 52 100 0

House of Representatives

Composition of the U.S. House of Representatives on January 5, 2015
Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent Republican
End of previous Congress 201 0 234 435 0
Begin (January 3, 2015) 188 0 247 435 0
January 5, 2015[note 1] 246 434 1
February 6, 2015[note 2] 245 433 2
March 31, 2015[note 3] 244 432 3
May 5, 2015[note 4] 245 433 2
June 2, 2015[note 5] 246 434 1
September 10, 2015[note 6] 247 435 0
October 31, 2015[note 7] 246 434 1
June 7, 2016[note 8] 247 435 0
June 23, 2016[note 9] 187 434 1
July 20, 2016[note 10] 186 433 2
September 6, 2016[note 11] 246 432 3
November 8, 2016 [note 12] 188 247 435 0
December 4, 2016 [note 13] 187 434 1
December 31, 2016 [note 14] 246 433 2
Final voting share 43.2% 0.0% 57.0%
Non-voting members 4 1 1 6 0
Beginning of the next Congress 194 0 241 435 0

Leadership

[ Section contents: Senate: Majority (R), Minority (D) o House: Majority (R), Minority (D) ]

Senate

Senate President
Joe Biden (D)
Senate President pro tempore
Orrin Hatch (R)

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

House of Representatives

House Speaker
John Boehner
John Boehner (R)
Until October 29, 2015
Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan (R)
From October 29, 2015

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

Members

Senate

Senators are listed by state and then by Senate classes, In this Congress, Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring re-election in 2016; Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 2018; and Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring re-election in 2020.

House of Representatives

Changes in membership

Senate

There were no changes in Senate membership during this Congress.

House of Representatives

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
New York 11th Michael Grimm
(R)
Incumbent resigned January 5, 2015, following a guilty plea on one count of felony tax evasion.[23]
A special election was held May 5, 2015.[24]
Dan Donovan
(R)
May 12, 2015
Mississippi 1st Alan Nunnelee
(R)
Incumbent died February 6, 2015.[25]
A special election runoff was held June 2, 2015.[26][27]
Trent Kelly
(R)
June 9, 2015
Illinois 18th Aaron Schock
(R)
Incumbent resigned March 31, 2015, following a spending scandal.[28][29]
A special election was held September 10, 2015.
Darin LaHood
(R)
September 17, 2015
Ohio 8th John Boehner
(R)
Incumbent resigned October 31, 2015.[30]
A special election was held June 7, 2016.
Warren Davidson
(R)
June 9, 2016[31]
Pennsylvania 2nd Chaka Fattah
(D)
Incumbent resigned June 23, 2016, following a conviction of corruption charges.[32]
A special election was held November 8, 2016.[33]
Dwight Evans
(D)
November 14, 2016
Hawaii 1st Mark Takai
(D)
Incumbent died July 20, 2016.[34]
A special election was held November 8, 2016.[35]
Colleen Hanabusa
(D)
November 14, 2016
Kentucky 1st Ed Whitfield
(R)
Incumbent resigned September 6, 2016, following an ethics investigation.[36]
A special election was held November 8, 2016.[37]
James Comer
(R)
November 14, 2016
California 44th Janice Hahn
(D)
Incumbent resigned December 4, 2016, to become a member of the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors.[38]
No special election was held and the seat remained vacant until the next Congress. Hahn did not run for re-election in 2016.
Vacant until the next Congress
Michigan's 10th Candice Miller
(R)
Incumbent resigned December 31, 2016, to become Macomb County Public Works Commissioner.[39]
No special election was held and the seat remained vacant until the next Congress. Miller did not run for re-election in 2016.

Committees

[Section contents: Senate, House, Joint ] Listed alphabetically by chamber, including Chairman and Ranking Member.

Senate

House of Representatives

Joint committees

Caucuses

Employees and legislative agency directors

Senate

Source: "Senate Organization Chart for the 114th Congress". Senate.gov. US Senate. Archived from the original on March 28, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 

House of Representatives

Source: "Officers and Organizations of the House". House.gov. US House. Retrieved 2015. 

Legislative branch agency directors

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Rep. Michael Grimm (R-New York's 11th district) resigned January 5, 2015.
  2. ^ Rep. Alan Nunnelee (R-Mississippi's 1st district) died February 6, 2015.
  3. ^ Rep. Aaron Schock (R-Illinois's 18th district) resigned March 31, 2015.
  4. ^ Rep. Dan Donovan (R-New York's 11th district) was elected May 5, 2015.
  5. ^ Rep. Trent Kelly (R-Mississippi's 1st district) was elected June 2, 2015.
  6. ^ Rep. Darin Lahood (R-Illinois's 18th district) was elected September 10, 2015.
  7. ^ Rep. John Boehner (R-Ohio's 8th district) resigned October 31, 2015.
  8. ^ Rep. Warren Davidson (R-Ohio's 8th district) was elected June 7, 2016.
  9. ^ Rep. Chaka Fattah (D-Pennsylvania's 2nd district) resigned June 23, 2016.
  10. ^ Rep. Mark Takai (D-Hawaii's 1st district) died July 20, 2016.
  11. ^ Rep. Ed Whitfield (R-Kentucky's 1st district) resigned September 6, 2016.
  12. ^ Reps. Dwight Evans (D-Pennsylvania's 2nd district), Colleen Hanabusa (D-Hawaii's 1st district), and James Comer (R-Kentucky's 1st district) were elected November 8, 2016.
  13. ^ Rep. Janice Hahn (D-California's 44th district) resigned December 4, 2016.
  14. ^ Rep. Candice Miller (R-Michigan's 10th district) resigned December 31, 2016.
  15. ^ a b Senators King (ME) and Sanders (VT) have no political affiliation but caucus with the Democratic Party.
  16. ^ Sablan caucuses with the Democratic Party.
  17. ^ Like many members of the PNP, Pedro Pierluisi affiliates with both the PNP and the Democratic Party.

References

  1. ^ H.J.Res. 129: "Appointing the day for the convening of the first session of the One Hundred Fourteenth Congress."
  2. ^ a b H.Con.Res. 104: "Providing for the sine die adjournment of the first session of the One Hundred Fourteenth Congress."
  3. ^ House Calendar on January 3, 2017
  4. ^ Walsh, Deirdre (January 6, 2015). "Boehner Overcomes Big Opposition to Remain Speaker". CNN. Retrieved 2015. 
  5. ^ Bradner, Eric (January 25, 2015). "Criticism over Netanyahu visit intensifies". CNN. Retrieved 2015. 
  6. ^ Lee, Carol; Solomon, Jay (March 3, 2015). "Israel's Netanyahu Urges Congress to Block 'Bad Deal' With Iran". The Wall Street Journal. New York. Retrieved 2015. 
  7. ^ Baker, Peter (March 9, 2015). "Angry White House and G.O.P. Senators Clash Over Letter to Iran". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015. 
  8. ^ Riechmann, Deb (March 26, 2015) - "In U.S., Ghani Vows Afghan Self-Reliance". Northwest Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. Retrieved March 27, 2015. Archived March 30, 2015.
  9. ^ a b Zengerle, Patricia (March 26, 2015). "Japan PM Abe to Address Joint Session of Congress". Reuters. Retrieved 2015. 
  10. ^ Mauldin, William (April 29, 2015). "Japan Prime Minister Shinzo Abe Argues for Trade Deal in Speech to Congress". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2015. 
  11. ^ Sherman, Jake (February 5, 2015). "Pope will address Congress in September". Retrieved 2015. 
  12. ^ Steinhauer, Jennifer (September 25, 2015). "John Boehner Will Resign From Congress". The New York Times. 
  13. ^ DeBonis, Mike; Kane, Paul (September 25, 2015). "House Speaker John Boehner to Resign at End of October". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2015. 
  14. ^ "Shock! McCarthy drops Speaker bid". The Hill. October 8, 2015. Retrieved 2016. 
  15. ^ Clerk of the US House of Representatives (October 29, 2015). "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 581". Retrieved 2016. 
  16. ^ Richard Escobedo (November 1, 2015). "Who was the last House speaker younger than Paul Ryan?". CBS News. 
  17. ^ Siegel, Ben (June 23, 2016). "Congress adjourns fight for gun control to July 5th". Yahoo. Politics. Retrieved 2016. 
  18. ^ S.Res. 3
  19. ^ S.Res. 6
  20. ^ a b c d e Lesniewski, Niels; Dennis, Steven (November 13, 2014). "Mitch McConnell Unanimously Elected Majority Leader by GOP". Roll Call. Retrieved 2015. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f g Sanchez, Humberto; Lesniewski, Niels (November 13, 2014). "Harry Reid Unveils New Leadership Team, Strategy". Roll Call. Retrieved 2015. 
  22. ^ "Caucus Memberships of Gregorio Sablan". House.gov. US House of Representatives. Retrieved 2015. 
  23. ^ "Boehner Commends Grimm for Announcing Resignation" Roll Call, December 30, 2014.
  24. ^ "Welcome to New York's Sixth Special Election in Six Years" Roll Call, January 2, 2015.
  25. ^ "GOP Rep. Nunnelee of Miss. Dies After Brain Cancer, Stroke" ABC News, February 6, 2015.
  26. ^ Pender, Geoff (February 6, 2015). "Governor will set election after Nunnelee's death". The Clarion-Ledger. Retrieved 2015. 
  27. ^ Cahn, Emily (May 12, 2015). "Mississippi Special Election Heads to Runoff". Roll Call. 
  28. ^ Bash, Dana; Zeleny, Jeff; Jaffe, Alexandra (March 17, 2015). "Aaron Schock resigns amid scandal". CNN. Retrieved 2015. 
  29. ^ DeBonis, Mike; Costa, Robert; Kane, Paul (March 17, 2015). "Rep. Aaron Schock announces resignation in wake of spending probe". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2015. 
  30. ^ "Amid revolt, Boehner steps aside to avoid 'irreparable harm' to Congress". Usatoday.com. September 26, 2015. Retrieved 2016. 
  31. ^ "Davidson will be sworn in today". Journal-News. June 9, 2016. 
  32. ^ "Rep. Chaka Fattah resigns after conviction, effective immediately" (Press release). CBS. June 23, 2016. Retrieved 2016. 
  33. ^ Brennan, Chris (July 1, 2016). "Special election for Fattah's former U.S. House seat will be Nov. 8". Philadelphia Media Network. Retrieved 2016. 
  34. ^ http://www.civilbeat.org/2016/07/us-rep-mark-takai-of-hawaii-dies/
  35. ^ Dayton, Kevin (August 3, 2016). "Special-election winner will finish Takai's term". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved 2016. 
  36. ^ "Rep. Whitfield to retire amid ethics probe". TheHill. 
  37. ^ Callais, Krystle (September 6, 2016). "U.S. Congressman Ed Whitfield stepping down". WPSD-TV. Retrieved 2016. 
  38. ^ http://www.latimes.com/politics/essential/la-pol-ca-essential-politics-updates-rep-hahn-to-resign-seat-early-to-be-1480446095-htmlstory.html
  39. ^ 2016 Congressional Record, Vol. 162, Page H7147
  40. ^ Shabad, Rebecca (January 5, 2015). "Budget scorekeeper awaits GOP decision". The Hill. Archived from the original on March 28, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.


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