2014 BMW X5 (F15) xDrive30d wagon (2015-06-27) 01.jpg
Manufacturer BMW
Production 1999-present
Body and chassis
Class Mid-Size luxury SUV
Body style 5-door SUV
Layout Front-engine, four-wheel-drive
Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive X5 25d sDrive (F15)

The BMW X5 is a mid-size luxury SUV produced by BMW. The first generation of the X5, with the chassis code E53, made its debut in 1999. It was BMW's first SUV and it also featured all-wheel drive and was available with either manual or automatic transmission. In 2006, the second generation X5 was launched, known internally as the E70, featuring the torque-split capable xDrive all-wheel drive system mated to an automatic transmission, and in 2009 the X5 M performance variant was released as a 2010 model.

BMW branded the X5 as a Sport Activity Vehicle (SAV) rather than an SUV, to emphasize its on-road ability despite its size. Like the Lexus RX 300, the X5 heralded the shift from light truck-based body-on-frame SUVs to crossovers underpinned by unibody car platforms that would come to fruition in the late 2000s. Among German luxury automakers, while the Mercedes-Benz M-Class had beaten the X5 to the market by a year, the X5 was the first to use a unibody chassis whereas the M-Class used a light truck platform until its second generation. While the Lexus RX is based on the Toyota Camry mass market sedan, the X5 shares its underpinnings with the BMW 5 Series performance luxury sedan.[1][2]

X5s are manufactured in Greer, South Carolina at the Spartanburg BMW plant and modified for armoured, security versions in Mexico at the BMW de México Toluca plant.[3] Since July 2009, some assembly operations are also performed in Kaliningrad, Russia by Avtotor.

Starting with the X5, BMW's Sport Activity Vehicle (SAV) series has since expanded to be derivatives of other BMW number-series models, first in 2003 with the BMW X3 compact luxury crossover, and then in 2008 with the BMW X6 midsize coupe luxury crossover which shares its platform with the X5.

First generation (E53; 1999-2006)

BMW X5 (E53)
2000-2003 BMW X5 (E53) 4.4i wagon (2011-11-18).jpg
Pre-facelift BMW X5
Production September 1999 - October 2006
Model years 2000-2006
Assembly Greer, South Carolina, United States (BMW US Mfg. Co.)[3]
Body and chassis
Related BMW 5 Series (E39)
BMW X-Coupe
Engine Petrol:
3.0 L M54 I6
4.4 L-4.6 L M62 V8
4.4 L-4.8 L N62 V8
3.0 L M57 I6
Transmission 5-speed automatic
5-speed manual
6-speed automatic
6-speed manual
Wheelbase 111.0 in (2,819 mm)
Length 183.7 in (4,666 mm)
Width 73.7 in (1,872 mm)
Height 2000-2003 V8: 67.2 in (1,707 mm)
2001-2003 I6: 67.5 in (1,714 mm)
2004-2006 V8 4.8I: 67.9 in (1,725 mm)
2004-2006 I6: 69.3 in (1,760 mm)

The BMW E53 X5 crossover vehicle was manufactured between 1999 and 2006. The E53 was developed at a time when BMW owned Land Rover and benefitted from Land Rover technology.[4] It shared components with the Land Rover Range Rover HSE model; specifically the Hill Descent System and Off Road Engine Management system and also the BMW E39 5 series; specifically the engine and electronic system. The entire in-car entertainment system (Radio Function, Navigation System, Television and Telecommunications systems, and a very flexible automotive computer system) are identical. As a result, the earlier X5 models can be upgraded with newer BMW technologies (e.g. Bluetooth phone connectivity).[5]

A range of petrol (gasoline) inline-6s, V8s and diesel engines were offered.

A facelifted version was released for the 2004 model year, production started in late 2003.

Second generation (E70; 2006-2013)

BMW X5 (E70)
BMW X5 4.8i -- 04-22-2010.jpg
Production November 2006 - July 2013
Model years 2007-2013
Assembly Greer, South Carolina, United States (BMW US Mfg. Co.)
Kaliningrad, Russia (Avtotor)[6]
Body and chassis
Related BMW X6
Engine Petrol
3.0 L N52/N55 I6
4.4 L N63/S63 V8
4.8 L N62 V8
3.0 L M57/N57 I6
Transmission 6-speed automatic
8-speed ZF 8HP automatic
Wheelbase 2,933 mm (115.5 in)
Length 4,860 mm (191.3 in)
Width 1,933 mm (76.1 in)
Height 2006-2008: 1,766 mm (69.5 in)
2009-2013: 1,776 mm (69.9 in)

The BMW E70 is the second generation X5 Sports Activity Vehicle (SAV). It replaced the BMW X5 (E53) in November 2006. The second generation X5 features many new technological advancements including BMW's iDrive system as standard equipment and, for the first time in a BMW, an optional third row seat raising passenger capacity to seven.

The branding for the X5 from late 2008 onwards follows the new BMW nomenclature scheme, for example the X5 3.0si is now called the X5 xDrive30i, and the X5 4.8i is called the X5 xDrive48i. In 2010 BMW added the new CIC hard drive iDrive system, replacing the DVD based CCC system.

In 2009, the xDrive35d diesel engine variant of the X5 was made available for sale in Canada and the United States, along with the BMW 335d sedan.[7]

The BMW X5 M high performance variant was introduced to the press at the New York Auto Show in April 2009, and started appearing in BMW dealerships in September 2009 as a 2010 model. Sharing the same powertrain as the BMW X6 M, the X5 M features the first M Power V-8 Turbo, 555 hp (414 kW) and 500 lb?ft (680 N?m) of torque, and comes with M Dynamic Performance Control for impressive handling.

The X5 received a mid-generational refresh (LCI update) for the 2011 model year featuring new front bumper and air intakes as well as a variety of minor cosmetic changes. For the gasoline-powered X5 models, the naturally aspirated engines in the xDrive30i and xDrive48i (N52 I-6 and N62 V8) were replaced by turbocharged engines (N55 single-turbo straight-6, N63 twin-turbo V8) and which will also be mated to 8-speed automatic transmissions,[8] being rebadged as the xDrive35i and xDrive50i, respectively. The xDrive35d received the same exterior changes as the rest of the lineup but otherwise no other updates.[9]

For the 2011 model year, the BMW X5 (E70) was BMW's 3rd best-selling model after the first place BMW 3 Series (E90) and BMW 5 Series (F10), respectively.[10]

Third generation (F15; 2013-present)

BMW X5 (F15)
2014 BMW X5 (F15) sDrive25d wagon (2016-04-07) 02.jpg
Production August 2013-present
Model years 2014-present
Assembly Greer, South Carolina, United States (BMW US Mfg. Co.)
Chennai, India (BMW India)
Kaliningrad, Russia (Avtotor),
Rayong, Thailand
Cairo, Egypt
Jakarta, Indonesia (Gaya Motor)
Body and chassis
Related BMW X6
Engine Petrol:
3.0 L N55 I6
4.4 L N63 V8
2.0 L N47 I4
3.0 L N57 I6
Transmission 6-speed automatic
8-speed ZF 8HP automatic
Wheelbase 2,933 mm (115.5 in)
Length 4,886 mm (192.4 in)
Width 1,938 mm (76.3 in)
Height 1,762 mm (69.4 in)

The BMW F15 is the third generation X5 Sports Activity Vehicle (SAV), unveiled on 30 May 2013 and launched in November 2013.

The new model is using same chassis with same wheelbase of previous generation and it is launched with an initial choice of three engines: a 450 hp V8 petrol engine (xDrive50i) and two six-cylinder in-line diesel units, producing 258 hp with one turbo (xDrive30d) and 381 hp with three turbos (M50d M Performance), respectively. In December 2013, further engine options will become available: xDrive40d, xDrive35i and, for the first time on the X5 model, two four-cylinder engines xDrive25d and sDrive25d (with two-wheel transmission).

As with the previous model, it is assembled at BMW's Spartanburg plant in South Carolina, United States.

X5 M Models

The BMW X5 M is a high-performance derivative of the X5. The following generations of the X5 M have been produced:

Production and sales

Calendar year Total Production US sales
1999 1,312[11]
2000 38,282[12] 26,720
2001 82,645[12] 40,622[13]
2002 54,555 42,742[14]
2003 105,554[12] 40,715[15]
2004 104,988[12] 35,225[16]
2005 101,537[12] 37,598
2006 75,321[12] 26,798[17]
2007 120,617[18] 35,202[19]
2008 116,489[20] 31,858
2009 88,851[21] 27,071
2010 102,178[22] (2,778 X5 M)[23] 35,776[24]
2011 104,827 40,547[25]
2012 108,544 44,445[26]
2013 107,231[27] 39,818[28]
2014 147,381 47,031[29]
2015 168,143[30] 54,997[31]
2016 166,219[32] 47,641[33]
2017 50,815


  1. ^ Michael Harley RSS feed. "Review: 2009 BMW X5 xDrive35d delivers obsolescence to. . .. gasoline-powered sibling". Retrieved 2012. 
  2. ^ "BMW Reviews". Autoblog. Retrieved 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "BMW X5 Security: Your body-guard Made-In-Mexico". Retrieved 2011. 
  4. ^ Stephen Pullen. "British Leyland". Heritage Commercials. ISBN 978-1-906167-69-1. 
  5. ^ "Bimmernav". Bimmernav. Archived from the original on 25 September 2010. Retrieved 2010. 
  6. ^ " ? : BMW" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 8 June 2003. Retrieved 2010. 
  7. ^ Ulrich, Lawrence (24 May 2009). "Behind the Wheel - 2009 BMW 335d and X5 xDrive 35d - A Dose of Diesel Medicine Without the Nasty Aftertaste". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011. 
  8. ^ April 2010 BY JARED GALL. "2011 BMW X5 xDrive35i - Review - Car and Driver". Retrieved 2012. 
  9. ^ "2011 BMW X5 Gets All Turbo Engines, $46,675 Base Price | News". 6 February 2010. Retrieved 2011. 
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  11. ^ "BMW Delivers Strongest Sales Success Ever in 2000. - Free Online Library". 3 January 2001. Retrieved 2011. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f
  13. ^ "2003 BMW X5 Reviews by Experts and Consumers". Retrieved 2009. 
  14. ^ "2003 BMW X5". 
  15. ^ "BMW Group Shatters All Past Annual Sales Records in 2004". Retrieved 2009. 
  16. ^ "BMW Group Sets All-Time Annual Sales Record, Highest Sales Month Ever in 2005". 4 January 2006. Retrieved 2009. 
  17. ^ "BMW Group Reports 2006 - Strongest Year Ever". Retrieved 2009. 
  18. ^ "Annual Report 2007". BMW Group. Retrieved 2011. 
  19. ^ "BMW Group U.S. Division Reports December Sales". Reuters. 5 January 2009. Retrieved 2009. 
  20. ^ "Annual Report 2008". BMW Group. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2011. 
  21. ^ "Annual Report 2009". BMW Group. Retrieved 2011. 
  22. ^ "BMW Group". BMW Group. Archived from the original on 14 April 2011. Retrieved 2011. 
  23. ^ "BMW M-series sales rise 14.2 percent to 16,967 cars in 2010". MotorwayAmerica. 3 February 2011. Retrieved 2011. 
  24. ^ "BMW Group U.S. Reports December 2010 Sales - WOODCLIFF LAKE, N.J., Jan. 4, 2011 /PRNewswire/". New Jersey. PR Newswire. Retrieved 2011. 
  25. ^ "BMW Group Achieves Second Best Sales Year Ever in the U.S. - WOODCLIFF LAKE, N.J., Jan. 5, 2012 /PRNewswire/". New Jersey. PR Newswire. Retrieved 2012. 
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^ "BMW achieved record profits in 2015". BMW Group. Retrieved 2016. 
  31. ^ "BMW Group U.S. Reports December and 2015 Sales". BMW Group U.S. Retrieved 2016. 
  32. ^
  33. ^

External links

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