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Geographic extent of Bikol languages according to Ethnologue
The Bikol languages are a group of Central Philippine languages spoken mostly in the Bicol Peninsula in the island of Luzon, the neighboring island province of Catanduanes and the island of Burias of Masbate. There is a dialect continuum between the Visayan languages and the Bikol languages; the two together are called the Bisakol languages.
The languages of Bikol grouped according to Ethnologue are:
Curtis McFarland gives the following classification for the Bikol languages.
While McFarland (1974) splits Bikol into 11 dialects, Lobel (2000) splits Bikol into 12 different dialects (including Partido Bikol, which McFarland does not differentiate) and 4 main branches.
Some dialects of Southern Bikol have the close central unrounded vowel /?/ as a reflex of Proto-Austronesian *e. However, Proto-Austronesian *e is realized as /o/ in Libon. Two Bikol dialects have unique additional consonants, namely Southern Catanduanes, which has an interdental lateral consonant /l?/ (also transcribed as l ), and Buhi-non, which has the voiced velar fricative /?/.
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