Bistro (programming Language)
Paradigm object-oriented
Designed by Nikolas S. Boyd
Developer Nikolas S. Boyd
First appeared 1999; 19 years ago (1999)
Stable release
3.8 / June 3, 2017; 10 months ago (2017-06-03)
Typing discipline dynamic, reflective
Influenced by
Java, Smalltalk

Bistro is a programming language designed and developed by Nikolas Boyd. It is intended to integrate features of Smalltalk and Java. Bistro Smalltalk runs atop any Java virtual machine conforming to Sun Microsystems' Java specification.


Bistro is object oriented, dynamically typed, and reflective. It duplicates the vast majority of the syntax and API for Smalltalk, and introduces the package and import concepts from Java. Overloaded operators are available for certain operators; ++ and -- are not available overloaded operators.

The syntax for declaring a class's package and import clauses are:

package: my.package.subpackage;
import: my.package.MyClass;
import: my.package.*;

One notable exclusion is the ability to import static methods from other classes.


Nikolas S. Boyd created and released the first version of Bistro in 1999. [1] Bistro was updated in 2017, and has a new home.[2]


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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