Bob Casey Jr.
Bob Casey Jr.
Bob Casey Jr. official photo.jpg
United States Senator
from Pennsylvania

January 3, 2007
Serving with Pat Toomey
Rick Santorum
Ranking Member of the Senate Aging Committee

January 3, 2017
Claire McCaskill
34th Treasurer of Pennsylvania

January 18, 2005 - January 3, 2007
Governor Ed Rendell
Barbara Hafer
Robin Wiessmann
49th Auditor General of Pennsylvania

January 21, 1997 - January 18, 2005
Governor Tom Ridge
Mark S. Schweiker
Ed Rendell
Barbara Hafer
Jack Wagner
Personal details
Born Robert Patrick Casey Jr.
(1960-04-13) April 13, 1960 (age 57)
Scranton, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Terese Foppiano (m. 1985)
Children 4
Education College of the Holy Cross
Catholic University of America (JD)
Website Senate website

Robert Patrick "Bob" Casey Jr. (born April 13, 1960) is an American attorney and politician who is currently the senior United States Senator from Pennsylvania. He previously served as Pennsylvania Auditor General from 1997 to 2005 and as Pennsylvania Treasurer from 2005 to 2007.[1]

Born in Scranton, Pennsylvania, Casey is the son of Bob Casey, a former Governor of Pennsylvania. After graduating from Scranton Preparatory School in 1978, he attended the College of the Holy Cross. He received his law degree from the Columbus School of Law at The Catholic University of America. Casey practiced law in Scranton, Pennsylvania, before beginning his political career as Pennsylvania's Auditor General, a post to which he was elected to in 1996 and re-elected in 2000.

In the 2002 Pennsylvania gubernatorial election, Casey attempted to follow his father's footsteps in a run for Governor of Pennsylvania. He was defeated, however, in the Democratic primary by eventual general election victor Ed Rendell. After being term-limited out of his position as auditor general, Casey was elected state treasurer in the 2004 election.

Casey defeated incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Rick Santorum in the 2006 election. He was re-elected in 2012 and is the first Democrat to be elected to a full term and the first to win re-election to the U.S. Senate from Pennsylvania since Joseph S. Clark Jr. in 1962.[2]

Early life, education, and law career

Casey was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania, one of eight children of Ellen (née Harding) and Bob Casey, the 42nd governor of Pennsylvania. He is of Irish descent.[3]

Casey played basketball and graduated from Scranton Preparatory School in 1978. Following in his father's footsteps, he graduated from the College of the Holy Cross in 1982, and received a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree from the Columbus School of Law at The Catholic University of America in 1988. Between college and law school, Casey served as a member of the Jesuit Volunteer Corps, and spent a year teaching 5th grade and coaching basketball at the Gesu School in inner city Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Casey practiced law in Scranton from 1991 until 1996.

Early political career

State Auditor General

Casey ran for and was elected Pennsylvania State Auditor General in 1996. He was re-elected in 2000, and served for two terms, from 1997 to 2005.[4]

In a 2002 PoliticsPA feature story designating politicians with yearbook superlatives, he was named the "Most Likely to Succeed."[5]

2002 gubernatorial election

Casey attempted to follow in his father's footsteps by running for Pennsylvania Governor. Casey faced former Philadelphia mayor Ed Rendell in the Democratic primary election. The Pennsylvania Democratic Party threw their support behind Casey, whom they saw as a more electable candidate than Rendell. In a bitter primary, Rendell won the nomination by winning only 10 out of 67 counties: Philadelphia and its suburbs (Bucks, Chester, Montgomery, and Delaware), its Lehigh Valley exurbs (Berks, Lehigh and Northampton), and Centre County, the home of Penn State University.[6] Rendell went on to win the general election.

State Treasurer

In 2004, Casey, who was term limited in his Auditor General position, ran for State Treasurer. He was elected on a platform advocating government accountability.[7]

U.S. Senate



In 2005, Casey received calls from U.S. Senator Chuck Schumer (D-NY), the chair of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee, as well as Senator Harry Reid (D-NV), the Senate Minority Leader. Both men asked him to run for U.S. Senate in 2006 against Republican incumbent Rick Santorum. On March 5, 2005, Casey announced he would seek the Democratic nomination for the Senate race. Casey's run for the Senate was his fifth statewide campaign in nine years.

After he announced that he would run, Casey was almost immediately endorsed by Governor Ed Rendell, his primary election opponent from 2002.[8] He was endorsed by two Democrats who had been mentioned as possible U.S. Senate nominees: former Congressman Joe Hoeffel, who had run against Pennsylvania's other Senator, Arlen Specter, in 2004, and former State Treasurer Barbara Hafer, whom many in the pro-choice movement had attempted to convince to run against Casey in the Democratic primary.

In the Democratic primary, Casey faced two Democrats with more liberal viewpoints: college professor Chuck Pennacchio and pension lawyer Alan Sandals. Both argued that Casey's views on abortion and other social issues were too conservative for most Pennsylvania Democrats. Casey easily defeated both challengers in the May 16 primary, however, receiving 85% of the vote.

On election night, Casey won the race with 59% of the vote, compared to 41% for incumbent Senator Rick Santorum. Casey's margin of victory was the highest ever for a Democrat running for the United States Senate in Pennsylvania.[9] Casey's 17.4-point victory margin was also the largest for a challenger to any incumbent Senator since James Abdnor unseated George McGovern by 18.8 points in 1980.


Casey was up for re-election in 2012, and stated his intention to seek re-election in late 2010.[10][11] His re-election prospects were uncertain. Observers noted that as the election approached, Casey, an early supporter of Obama, had "started to oppose the president outright or developed more nuanced responses to events that differentiate him from Mr. Obama. Analysts say Mr. Casey wants to put some distance between himself and a president whose job approval ratings in Pennsylvania are poor."[12] In October 2011, the National Journal noted that "the Scranton area is hugely important for 2012" for both Obama and Casey, but "the city has among the worst unemployment in the state, and it's filled with the blue-collar Dems who weren't very enthusiastic about Obama when he first ran for president. How Casey navigates his relationship with the president will speak volumes about his re-election prospects."[13] In December 2011, it was reported that the AFL-CIO would be spending "over $170,000" on pro-Casey TV ads.[14]

Casey easily defeated challenger Joseph Vodvarka in the spring Democratic primary, and faced former coal company owner and Republican nominee Tom Smith in the fall general election. He defeated Smith on November 6, 2012, 53.7% to 44.6%, to win a second term, making him the first Democrat elected to a second term in the Senate from Pennsylvania since Joe Clark's 1962 victory.


Lou Barletta, a Republican congressman, announced in August 2017 that he would run against Casey in 2018. "Pennsylvania deserves better than an obstructionist senator," he stated.[15]


Casey speaks during the second day of the 2008 Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado.

On March 28, 2008 Casey announced his endorsement of frontrunning candidate Senator Barack Obama in the Democratic Party presidential primary.[16] The Pennsylvania Report said that he "struck gold" by endorsing Obama early in the 2008 Democratic presidential primary, a move that gave him "inside access to the halls of the White House."[17] Casey campaigned across Pennsylvania in support of Obama's candidacy in the months leading up to the primary in that state; they bowled together at Pleasant Valley Lanes in Altoona, Pennsylvania.

Casey has been described as an "even-keeled moderate, not only in tone but in policy", but since Donald J. Trump entered the White House, Casey has developed a "new, saltier social media prowess". Casey's outspoken opposition to many of Trump's actions has prompted one local media outlet to describe his new strategy before his 2018 re-election campaign as: "Oppose Trump every chance he gets."[18][19]

Economy and jobs

On economic and education-based issues, Casey is largely in line with mainstream Democrats. Casey has criticized what he views as "draconian cuts to Medicare and Medicaid," and has stated that Medicare Part D is "fundamentally flawed" and in need of a "complete overhaul." He has also supported the Family and Medical Leave Expansion Act, which would expand the Family and Medical Leave Act, authored in the early 1990s by Connecticut Senator Chris Dodd, to companies with at least 25 employees.[20]

Casey is an opponent of privatizing Social Security,[21] and is a critic of many recent tax cuts, which, he claims, have "not caused...'trickle-down' economic growth" as promised. Casey criticized Santorum for voting against an increase in the minimum wage.[22]

Casey voted in January 2010 to re-confirm Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke.[23]

Health care reform

Casey supported President Barack Obama's health reform legislation; he voted for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in December 2009,[24] and he voted for the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010.[25]

Bob Casey won a 2012 Champion for Children Award from First Focus in honor of his commitment to improving the lives of children.[26][27]

On September 27, 2013, Casey introduced the Children's Hospital GME Support Reauthorization Act of 2013 (S. 1557; 113th Congress) into the Senate. This bill would reauthorize a program that provides funding to children's hospitals in the United States to help with the training of graduate medical students.[28][29]

On March 25, 2014, Casey introduced the Emergency Medical Services for Children Reauthorization Act of 2014 (S. 2154; 113th Congress) into the Senate. The bill that would amend the Public Health Service Act to reauthorize the Emergency Medical Services for Children Program through FY2019.[30] The bill would authorize appropriations of about $20 million in 2015 and $101 million over the 2015-2019 period.[31] Casey argued that "this low-cost program has saved the lives of countless children and adolescents in the past 30 years, and I urge my colleagues to support this critically important program."[32]

Immigration laws

Casey supported the Secure Borders, Economic Opportunity and Immigration Reform Act of 2007 (S. 1348), a bill voted down in the 110th United States Congress, which would have provided a path to legal citizenship for undocumented persons currently residing in the United States. He also supported the Clinton amendment, the Menendez amendment, and the Alaska amendments.[33]

During the 2006 Senate race, Casey expressed support for the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act of 2006.[34]

He took part in a Philadelphia International Airport protest against President Trump's January 2017 travel ban.[18] Leaving a black tie event Saturday night to join the protest, he tweeted: "I won't stand by as the promise of America is diminished."[35]

In May 2017, Casey, along with nine other senators and 13 members of the House of Representatives, requested in a letter to the Homeland Security Secretary, that they stop the detention of four children and their mothers at the Berks County Residential Center. Many of the families had been detained there without legal recourse for more than a year and a half. Casey also personally took to social media with impassioned appeals to the White House on behalf of a Honduran 5 year old and his 25 year old mother being held at the same facility, and were now facing deportation. They had fled violence and death threats and sought asylum in the US back in 2015, but failed their credible fear interview. Attorneys have since been appealing their case, and the legal team was in the middle of the process of applying for Special Immigrant Juvenile Status for the child when they were awakened at 3:30AM on May 3 by Immigration and Customs Enforcement and put on a plane to Honduras. "This child and his mother deserved better from this Administration. They got the absolute worst", Casey remarked.[36][37]

Income inequality

In January 2014, Casey released a new report on income inequality in Pennsylvania and urged Congress to close the income gap by hiking the minimum wage, extending unemployment insurance, and increasing funding for early education.[38][39][40]


Casey led the effort in the Senate to urge the European Union to designate Hezbollah as a terrorist organization.[41] In 2014, he and Senator Rubio urged the Obama administration to prioritize the issue of ISIS's financial support.[42] Casey introduced the Protect and Preserve International Cultural Property Act, which was designed to ensure that the U.S. is not a market for antiquities looted from Syria and which was signed into law by Obama. He co-wrote the Stop Terrorist Operational Resources and Money (STORM) Act of 2016, which punishes countries that accept terrorist financing by their citizens or within their borders.[43][44][45]

Government spending

In December 2012, Casey introduced legislation that would extend the payroll tax cut for another year and provide tax credits for employers that add jobs.[46]

In December 2016, Casey joined a group of other Senate Democrats led by Joe Manchin of West Virginia who refused to back down on a demand that expiring benefits for retired coal workers be extended.[47] Casey, described as "unusually animated," said he would "vote against a must-pass spending bill needed to keep the government running" if the coal miners' benefits were not extended.[48]


Casey, like his father, is pro-life. He has publicly expressed support for overturning Roe v. Wade.[49] From Casey's election until Specter's party switch in April 2009, Pennsylvania had the distinction of being represented in the Senate by a pro-life Democrat and a pro-choice Republican (Arlen Specter).

He supports the Pregnant Women Support Act,[50] legislation that grew out of Democrats for Life of America's 95 -10 Initiative. The Initiative and the Pregnant Women Support Act seek to lower the abortion rate by providing support to women experiencing unplanned pregnancies. He expressed support for the confirmation of both John Roberts[51] and Samuel Alito[52] for seats on the Supreme Court of the United States; these judges were believed to be in favor of overturning Roe v. Wade. Casey also opposes the funding of embryonic stem-cell research.[53]

Casey voted against barring HHS grants to organizations that provide abortion services, where such services may often not be central to the organization's chief purpose.[54] Casey also supports over-the-counter sale of emergency contraception,[55] and has voted to overturn the Mexico City Policy, which bars foreign organizations from using federal funds to perform or promote abortions as a method of family planning.[56] Casey's vote for overturning that policy has prompted some pro-life Republicans to question his commitment to the pro-life cause.[56][57]

In January 2010, during the health-care debates, Casey was heckled for his handling of the abortion provisions in the health-care bill and for not taking an uncompromising pro-life stance. Casey was the primary sponsor of an amendment to prevent government funds from being used for abortion services, but when he tried to organize a compromise that appealed to both Democrats and the party's lone holdout, Sen. Ben Nelson, he angered some religious groups.[58][59]

In 2011, Casey was categorized by NARAL Pro-Choice America as "anti-choice" and was not endorsed in their election guide. That year, he voted against defunding Planned Parenthood, against H.R.1 and for cloture for the nomination of Goodwin Liu, earning him a 100% rating for those three votes.[60]

In 2015 and 2018, Casey joined two other Democrats, Joe Manchin and Joe Donnelly, and voted in favor of a bill to ban abortion after 20 weeks of pregnancy.[61][62]

LGBT rights

Casey was a co-sponsor of and voted for the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010.[63][64]

Casey was a co-sponsor of and voted for the Matthew Shepard Hate Crimes Prevention Act.

Casey is a co-sponsor of S. 1584 (Employment Non-Discrimination Act).[65]

Casey has been a longtime supporter of civil unions and in April 2013, announced his support for same-sex marriage.[66][67]

Casey has supported the adoption of children by same-sex couples[68][69] and has expressed opposition to legislation that would prohibit such adoptions.[70]

Birth control

In response to a survey, Casey expressed support for "requiring employers or health insurance plans to cover contraceptives in their prescription drug plans." He also expressed support for "a provision in the state's budget to fund contraceptive services."[69] Casey's views on this issue extend to support for the federal funding of contraception. Casey also opposes laws, however, that would "force pharmacists to fill a prescription contrary to their moral beliefs."


Casey opposes school vouchers.[69]


Casey opposes drilling for oil in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Instead, he supports increased federal investment in hybrid and alternative fuel technology to help wean the United States off of foreign oil.[71] In a debate, Casey criticized his Republican opponent Rick Santorum for not recognizing the danger of global warming.[72] He also supports increased funding for Brownfield cleanup, as well as a reinstatement of the polluter-pays principle for the Superfund program.[73]

Judicial nominees

Casey voted for the confirmation of both Sonia Sotomayor[74] and Elena Kagan to the Supreme Court of the United States.[75]

In March 2017, Casey announced that he would vote against confirming Neil Gorsuch to the Supreme Court.[76]

Gun laws

At the beginning of his Senate career, Casey was considered a pro-gun rights senator and a strong supporter of the Second Amendment, voting against restriction of the amendment in 2012. In 2009, Casey voted to allow firearms in checked baggage on trains, and he has also voted against bills that would restrict gun ownership; in 2013 he voted to ban high-capacity magazines carrying over 10 rounds.[77] On April 17, 2013, Casey voted in favor of the Public Safety and Second Amendment Rights Protection Act to amend the background check process and require a background check for firearms transfers made at gun shows or on the internet.[78] His fellow Pennsylvania Senator Pat Toomey was a cosponsor in creating the bill.

On June 16, 2016, the Washington Post reported that "'pro-gun' Bob Casey" had become "an evangelist for gun control laws." After the Sandy Hook school massacre in December 2012, he had "completely flipped his views" on several gun issues, largely as a result of having been "accosted" by his wife and daughter. "Casey has since embraced every major proposal to counter gun violence," reported the Post, "including a renewed ban on assault weapons and enhanced background checks before gun purchases." In the wake of the Orlando Pulse massacre, he unveiled the Hate Crimes Prevention Act, which would have prevented persons convicted of hate crimes from purchasing weapons. He said he had never really thought about the gun issue until Sandy Hook, "coasting along with Pennsylvania's traditional pro-gun views in a state where the National Rifle Association has held sway for decades." After Sandy Hook, he "found it unacceptable that the NRA opposed any new laws."[79]

On June 25, 2016, Philadelphia Magazine ran an article about Casey's "profound about-face on gun control," noting that it had taken place within "a matter of days" and that Casey "was the first to introduce gun control legislation after the massacre in Orlando." Casey said that his switch had been a result of "thinking of the enormity of it, what happened to those children, which was indescribably horrific, and then having my wife and daughter say to me, 'You're going to vote on this at some point. How are you going to vote?'" He said that "I had to ask myself that question, because normally I would stay in my lane. There's only two lanes on this. It's the NRA lane, or the voting for commonsense gun measures lane. So I decided whether I was going to stay in the old lane, in which I had traveled a long time but really had never been challenged or had to cast a real big vote."[80]


Casey was among 41 Senators who co-sponsored S.968, the Preventing Real Online Threats to Economic Creativity and Theft of Intellectual Property (PROTECT IP) Act.[81]

Betsy DeVos and FIRE

Casey questioned Donald Trump's nomination of Betsy DeVos to be Secretary of Education on the grounds that she and her husband had donated to the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education (FIRE), which seeks to "defend individual rights on college campuses". "Ms. DeVos must fully explain whether she supports the radical view that it should be more difficult for campus sexual-assault victims to receive justice," said Casey. In a Wall Street Journal op-ed, FIRE co-founder Harvey Silverglate noted that "FIRE vigorously defends the free-speech and due-process rights of college students and faculty" and that the organization "is nonpartisan and has defended students and faculty members on the left and right," making "common cause with politically diverse organizations ranging from the American Civil Liberties Union and the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers to the Heritage Foundation, Young Americans for Liberty and the Cato Institute."[82] Casey's position was challenged in USA Today by Stuart Taylor and K.C. Johnson, who pointed out that, contrary to a letter in which Casey and Sen. Patty Murray (WA) described campus sexual assault as "affecting millions of college students," 5,178 campus rapes were reported in 2014.[83]Politico ran a prominent piece that echoed Casey's characterization of FIRE,[84] while National Review and other publications assailed Casey and defended FIRE.[85][86][87][88][89]

Committee assignments

Electoral history

Casey speaking at Abington High School in support of Sen. Barack Obama, October 2008
Pennsylvania Auditor General Primary Election, 1996[91][92]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bob Casey Jr. 252,645 34.6% N/A
Democratic Tom Foley 242,190 33.2% N/A
Democratic Bill Lloyd 128,500 17.6% N/A
Democratic Sandra Miller 105,868 14.5% N/A
Majority 10,455 1.4% N/A
Turnout 729,203 -32.2%
Pennsylvania Auditor General Election, 1996[93][94][95]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bob Casey Jr. 2,367,760 56.1% +10.8%
Republican Bob Nyce 1,706,835 40.4% -10.7%
Libertarian Sharon Shepps 103,234 2.4% -1.2%
Constitution Robert Lord 43,487 1.1% N/A
Majority 514,204 12.2% +9.8%
Turnout 4,221,316 65.3% -1.0%
Democratic gain from Republican Swing
Pennsylvania Auditor General Election, 2000[94][96]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bob Casey Jr. (inc.) 2,651,551 56.8% +0.8%
Republican Katie True 1,862,934 39.9% -0.1%
Green Anne Goeke 62,642 1.3% N/A
Libertarian Jessica Morris 41,967 0.9% -2.1%
Constitution John Rhine 23,971 0.5% -0.5%
Reform James Blair 21,476 0.5% N/A
Majority 638,561 13.6% +1.4%
Turnout 4,664,541 63.1% -2.2%
Democratic hold Swing
Pennsylvania Gubernatorial Primary Election, 2002[97][98][99]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ed Rendell 702,442 56.5% N/A
Democratic Bob Casey Jr. 539,794 43.5% N/A
Majority 162,648 13.1% N/A
Turnout 1,242,236 28.0% +13%
Pennsylvania State Treasurer Election, 2004[94][100]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bob Casey Jr. 3,353,489 61.3% +14.1%
Constitution Max Lampenfeld 20,406 0.4% -0.5%
Republican Jean Craige Pepper 1,997,951 36.5% -12.8%
Libertarian Darryl Perry 61,238 1.1% -0.4%
Green Paul Teese 40,740 0.7% -0.8%
Majority 1,233,154 22.5% +24.0%
Turnout 5,473,824 68.9% +5.8%
Democratic gain from Republican Swing
Pennsylvania U.S. Senate Primary Election, 2006[101][102]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bob Casey Jr. 629,271 84.5% N/A
Democratic Chuck Pennacchio 66,364 8.9% N/A
Democratic Alan Sandals 48,113 6.5% N/A
Democratic Others 1,114 0.1% N/A
Majority 513,680 68.9% N/A
Turnout 744,862 +1.3%
Pennsylvania U.S. Senate Election, 2006[103][104][105]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bob Casey Jr. 2,392,984 58.7% +15.2%
Republican Rick Santorum (inc.) 1,684,778 41.3% -17.4%
Majority 708,206 17.3% +10.4%
Turnout 4,077,762 41.8% +3.0%
Democratic gain from Republican Swing -24.4
Pennsylvania U.S. Senate Primary Election, 2012[106]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bob Casey Jr. 565,488 80.9% N/A
Democratic Joseph Vodvarka 133,683 19.1% N/A
Majority 431,805 61.8% N/A
Turnout 699,171 -6.1%
Pennsylvania U.S. Senate Election, 2012[107]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bob Casey Jr. (inc.) 2,965,896 53.5% -5.1%
Republican Tom Smith 2,479,021 44.8% +3.5%
Majority 486,875 8.7% -8.7%
Turnout 5,540,130
Democratic hold Swing -5.1%

Personal life

Casey and his wife Terese were married in 1985, and they have four daughters: Elyse, Caroline, Julia and Marena.[108]


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  64. ^ "Senate Vote 281 - Repeals 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell'". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 27, 2015. 
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  66. ^ Bob Casey endorses same-sex marriage; Politico; April 1, 2013
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  74. ^  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  75. ^  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  76. ^ Bob Casey says he'll oppose SCOTUS nominee Neil Gorsuch
  77. ^ Bob Casey on the Issues; OnTheIssues; December 21, 2013
  78. ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 113th Congress - 1st Session". Legislation & Records. United States Senate. Retrieved . 
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  80. ^ McQuade, Dan. "Bob Casey's Profound About-Face on Gun Control". Philadelphia Magazine. Retrieved 2018. 
  81. ^ Bill Summary & Status - 112th Congress (2011 - 2012) S.968 Cosponsors Archived September 4, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.; Library of Congress - THOMAS; January 23, 2012
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  83. ^ Taylor, Stuart Jr; Johnson, KC. "DeVos will restore due process on campus assault: Stuart Taylor & KC Johnson". USA Today. Retrieved 2018. 
  84. ^ Wermund, Benjamin. "DeVos' donations spark questions about her stance on campus sexual assault". Politico. Retrieved 2018. 
  85. ^ Draplin, Derek. "DeVos Attacked For Supporting Free Speech, Due Process On Campus". Michigan Capitol Confidential. Retrieved 2018. 
  86. ^ Gockowski, Anthony. "Dems attack Trump's Ed Sec pick for donating to civil rights group". Campus Reform. Retrieved 2018. 
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  88. ^ "Democrats Take Aim at Civil Liberties Group". The American Interest. Retrieved 2018. 
  89. ^ Barbara, Kay. "Barbara Kay: Betsy DeVos' support of due process on campuses makes her an excellent pick for secretary of education". National Post. Retrieved 2018. 
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  97. ^ "Governor, 2002 General Primary". Commonwealth of PA - Elections Information. Pennsylvania Department of State. 2004. Retrieved . 
  98. ^ "Turnout Very Low". The York Daily Record. May 24, 1998. Retrieved 2011. 
  99. ^ O'Toole, James (May 22, 2002). "Primary 2002: Rendell wins easily over Casey". The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2011. 
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  103. ^ "Commonwealth of PA - Elections Information". November 7, 2006. Archived from the original on May 29, 2008. Retrieved 2011. 
  104. ^ "Voter turnout dropped slightly in Pennsylvania, went up elsewhere". November 3, 2010. Retrieved 2011. 
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  106. ^ "PA US Senate - D Primary". Election Results. Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2012. 
  107. ^ "2012 General Election - United States Senator". Pennsylvania Department of State. Retrieved 2012. 
  108. ^ "About Bob". Retrieved . 

External links

Party political offices
Preceded by
Craig Lewis
Democratic nominee for Auditor General of Pennsylvania
1996, 2000
Succeeded by
Jack Wagner
Preceded by
Catherine Baker Knoll
Democratic nominee for Treasurer of Pennsylvania
Succeeded by
Rob McCord
Preceded by
Ron Klink
Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania
(Class 1)

2006, 2012
Most recent
Political offices
Preceded by
Barbara Hafer
Auditor General of Pennsylvania
Succeeded by
Jack Wagner
Treasurer of Pennsylvania
Succeeded by
Robin Wiessmann
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Rick Santorum
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Pennsylvania
Served alongside: Arlen Specter, Pat Toomey
Preceded by
Claire McCaskill
Ranking Member of the Senate Aging Committee
Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Sherrod Brown
United States Senators by seniority
Succeeded by
Bob Corker

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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