Chippewa County, Michigan
Chippewa County, Michigan
2009-0618-Soo-ChippewaCtyCt.jpg
Chippewa County Courthouse, Sault Ste. Marie
Logo of Chippewa County, Michigan
Logo
Map of Michigan highlighting Chippewa County
Location in the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
FoundedDecember 22, 1826[1][2]
Named forOjibwe people
SeatSault Ste. Marie
Largest citySault Ste. Marie
Area
 o Total2,698 sq mi (6,988 km2)
 o Land1,558 sq mi (4,035 km2)
 o Water1,140 sq mi (2,953 km2), 42%
Population
 o (2010)38,520
 o Density25/sq mi (10/km2)
Congressional district1st
Eastern
Websitewww.chippewacountymi.gov
Chippewa County, Michigan from 1904 Michigan County Maps

Chippewa County is a county in the Upper Peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the United States 2010 Census, the population was 38,520.[3] The county seat is Sault Ste. Marie.[4] The county is named for the Ojibwe (Chippewa) people, and was set off and organized in 1826.[1]

Chippewa County comprises the Sault Ste. Marie, MI micropolitan statistical area.

Geography

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,698 square miles (6,990 km2), of which 1,558 square miles (4,040 km2) is land and 1,140 square miles (3,000 km2) (42%) is water.[5] It is the second-largest county in Michigan by land area and fifth-largest by total area.

The Michigan Meridian runs through the eastern portion of the county. South of Nine Mile Road, M-129 (Meridian Road) overlays the meridian. In Sault Ste. Marie, Meridian Street north of 12th Avenue overlays the meridian.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Game areas

The Munuscong Bay is open for hunting, boating and bird watching. The area is known for its duck hunting, including mallards, divers and green-winged teal ducks. The Bay is most known for its icefishing and duck hunting. During opening weekend of duck season (late September), hundreds of hunters come from all over the state to begin their season on the Bay.[] This area has many types of waterfowl pass through it on their annual migrations.

Transportation

State highways

All Interstate and US Highways in Michigan, like all state-maintained highways, are part of the Michigan State Trunkline Highway System.

County-designated highways

The following highways are maintained by the Chippewa County Road Commission as part of the county road system. They are assigned numbers by the Michigan Department of Transportation as part of the County-Designated Highway System.

  • runs via Mackinac Trail, the former route of US 2 before it was replaced by I-75 in 1962.

The Chippewa County road commission jointly maintains Whitefish Bay National Forest Scenic Byway, a National Forest Scenic Byway with the US Forest Service.

Airports

Demographics

The 2010 United States Census[11] indicates Chippewa County had a population of 38,520. This decrease of 23 people from the 2000 United States Census representa a -0.1% change in population. In 2010 there were 14,329 households and 9,106 families in the county. The population density was 24.7 per square mile (9.5 square kilometers). There were 21,253 housing units at an average density of 13.6 per square mile (5.3 square kilometers). 72.3% of the population were White, 15.8% Native American, 6.5% Black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% of some other race and 4.6% of two or more races. 1.2% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 17.0% were of German, 11.8% English, 12.2% Irish, 8.8% French, 6.4% Polish ancestry.[12]

There were 14,329 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.5% were husband and wife families, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.5% were non-families, and 29.5% were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.88.

The county population contained 20.1% under age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. The population was 55.1% male and 44.9% female.

The 2010 American Community Survey 3-year estimate[13] indicates the median income for a household in the county was $39,351 and the median income for a family was $54,625. Males had a median income of $25,760 versus $16,782 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,334. About 2.3% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.0% of those under the age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Chippewa County voters have been reliably Republican from the start. Since 1876, they have selected the Republican Party nominee in 86% of national elections (31 of 36).

Presidential Election Results
Presidential Elections Results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 58.7% 9,122 34.6% 5,379 6.8% 1,051
2012 52.9% 8,278 45.3% 7,100 1.8% 282
2008 49.5% 8,267 49.0% 8,184 1.5% 257
2004 55.3% 9,122 43.7% 7,203 1.0% 163
2000 52.4% 7,526 44.4% 6,370 3.2% 458
1996 38.7% 5,137 49.3% 6,532 12.0% 1,590
1992 40.0% 5,462 39.8% 5,434 20.2% 2,751
1988 56.2% 6,786 43.3% 5,222 0.5% 60
1984 63.8% 8,135 35.9% 4,575 0.4% 47
1980 52.3% 7,059 39.0% 5,268 8.7% 1,167
1976 53.3% 7,025 45.7% 6,022 1.0% 128
1972 59.0% 7,028 39.9% 4,744 1.1% 134
1968 52.0% 5,359 40.1% 4,132 7.8% 806
1964 38.5% 4,098 61.3% 6,537 0.2% 23
1960 55.2% 6,490 44.6% 5,239 0.2% 22
1956 62.8% 6,957 37.1% 4,106 0.1% 14
1952 62.1% 7,075 37.4% 4,257 0.5% 57
1948 53.3% 4,977 41.4% 3,860 5.3% 494
1944 54.9% 5,335 44.7% 4,344 0.5% 46
1940 51.5% 5,851 48.2% 5,473 0.3% 29
1936 47.1% 4,901 50.6% 5,259 2.3% 238
1932 54.3% 5,252 43.7% 4,221 2.0% 192
1928 68.7% 5,326 30.4% 2,355 1.0% 74
1924 77.4% 5,443 7.3% 516 15.2% 1,070
1920 74.4% 4,732 19.9% 1,266 5.8% 366
1916 54.6% 2,365 40.9% 1,768 4.5% 195
1912 23.3% 889 23.1% 879 53.6% 2,046
1908 64.2% 2,418 31.2% 1,175 4.6% 174
1904 77.8% 2,920 17.6% 662 4.6% 172
1900 71.6% 2,477 25.8% 893 2.6% 90
1896 65.5% 2,105 31.2% 1,001 3.3% 107
1892 52.3% 1,247 45.5% 1,083 2.2% 53
1888 51.6% 1,055 44.4% 909 4.0% 82
1884 51.1% 686 47.3% 635 1.6% 21
1880 53.2% 396 46.6% 347 0.3% 2
1876 37.8% 172 62.2% 283 0.0% 0


The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, records deeds, mortgages, and vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials

(Current as of October 2018)[16]

Communities

City

Village

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Map

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Bibliography on Chippewa County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved 2013.
  2. ^ Chapman, C.H. (February 23, 1893). "Early History of Chippewa County: Lore of Old" (PDF). Lansing MI: The News/Chippewa County Government. Retrieved 2013.
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved 2014.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2017.
  7. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2010 American Fact Finder". Retrieved 2013.
  12. ^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder". census.gov.
  13. ^ "American Factfinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012.
  14. ^ US Election Atlas
  15. ^ "Press Release: NCEES honors Michigan surveyor William Karr for service" (PDF). National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying. Retrieved 2013.
  16. ^ Chippewa County website

External links

Coordinates: 46°19?N 84°31?W / 46.32°N 84.52°W / 46.32; -84.52


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Chippewa_County,_Michigan
 



 

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