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|Type||Independent nonprofit organization|
|Purpose||Press freedom and journalist human rights|
|Headquarters||330 Seventh Avenue, 11th Floor
New York City, New York 10001
|Affiliations||International Freedom of Expression Exchange|
The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) is an American independent non-profit, non-governmental organization, based in New York City, New York with correspondents around the world. CPJ promotes press freedom and defends the rights of journalists. The American Journalism Review has called the organization "Journalism's Red Cross".
The Committee to Protect Journalists was founded in 1981 in response to the harassment of Paraguayan journalist Alcibiades González Delvalle. Its founding honorary chairman was Walter Cronkite. Since 1991, it has held the annual CPJ International Press Freedom Awards Dinner, during which journalists and press freedom advocates who have endured beatings, threats, intimidation, and prison for reporting the news receive awards.
Since 1992 the organization has compiled an annual list of all journalists killed in the line of duty around the world. For 2016 it reported that 48 journalists had been killed in connection with their work, as compared to 78 in 2015, and that more than half of those killed had died in combat or crossfire while covering wars. A running total of journalists killed over the entire period from 1992 is available on the group's website, as well as the statistics for any given year; as of July 2017 the total was 1246. The organization's figures are typically lower than similar ongoing counts by Reporters Without Borders or the International Federation of Journalists because of CPJ's established parameters and confirmation process. It also publishes an annual census of imprisoned journalists.
The organization is a founding member of the International Freedom of Expression Exchange (IFEX), a global network of more than seventy non-governmental organizations that monitors free-expression violations around the world and defends journalists, writers, and others persecuted for exercising their right to freedom of expression. In 2016, the Times of Israel reported that the United Nations voted to deny consultive status to CJP citing concerns with the group's finances, and also because CJP does not support punishment for hate speech.
Its board of directors has included American journalists, including:
Former board members:
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