S&P 500 Component
|Founded||1985Sears)(as a subsidiary of|
|Headquarters||Riverwoods, Illinois, United States|
(Chairman and CEO)
|Revenue||US$10.497 billion (2016)|
|US$3.6 billion (2016)|
|US$2.393 billion (2016)|
|US$92.308 billion (2016)|
|US$11.323 billion (2016)|
Number of employees
Dean Witter Reynolds (1985-1997)|
Morgan Stanley (1997-2007)
Diners Club International|
Discover Financial Services, Inc. is an American financial services company that owns and operates Discover Bank, which offers checking and savings accounts and credit cards. It also owns and operates the Discover and Pulse networks, and owns Diners Club International. Discover Card is the third largest credit card brand in the United States, when measured by cards in force, with nearly 50 million cardholders. Discover is currently headquartered in the Chicago suburb of Riverwoods, Illinois.
Sears introduced the Discover credit card in 1985 in conjunction with real estate franchise Coldwell, Banker & Company and brokerage firm Dean Witter Reynolds. Altogether, these companies operated under the banner Sears Financial Network. In 1993, Sears sold off its financial services branch with Dean Witter Reynolds in charge of Discover. This independent company was called Dean Witter, Discover & Co. In 1997, Dean Witter, Discover & Co. merged with investment banking house Morgan Stanley. In December 2006, Morgan Stanley announced it would spin off Discover by the end of August 2007. On June 30, 2007, Discover was spun off as an independent, publicly traded company called Discover Financial Services, Inc.
On December 21, 2001, fourth-quarter income at Discover grew 31% to $193 million, compared with $147 million the year before.
On March 5, 2002, the company announced that the Account Center at Discovercard.com had registered over eight million card members, an increase of 61% since January 2001.
On September 1, 2002, Discover announced that Citibank would accept the Discover® Card for cash advances at its approximately 450 Financial Centers and more than 2,000 ATM locations nationwide.
The Greenwood Trust Company was founded in 1911 and was based in Greenwood, Delaware. It was acquired by Discover in 1985 and renamed Discover Bank in 2000. Discover Bank is mainly an online financial institution that offers many financial services such as checking accounts, savings accounts, and money market accounts. However the first and original location of The Greenwood Trust Company on East Market Street is still operating and is the only physical banking location of Discover Bank.
In 2005, Discover acquired Pulse, an interbank electronic funds transfer network. With this acquisition, Discover obtained the ability to market and issue debit and ATM cards. Starting in February 2006, Discover announced that it would begin offering Discover Debit, a debit product, to other financial institutions.
In April 2008, Discover Financial and Citigroup announced that Discover was purchasing the Diners Club International network from Citigroup for $165 million. In May 2008, the Federal Trade Commission approved the transaction and it finalized on July 1, 2008. Discover stated that the Diners Club network, which is a major network outside the United States, will be merged with the Discover Network, a major network in the United States, creating an international network for Discover and Diners Club cardholders. Diners Club cards will continue to be issued by Diners Club International licensees. At this time, Discover Bank has no plans on issuing Diners Club branded cards itself.
On June 6, 2012, Tree.com, Inc. completed the sale of substantially all of the operating assets of its Home Loan Center, Inc. business to a wholly owned subsidiary of Discover Financial. In exchange for the assets sold, Discover paid an aggregate of $45.9 million including payments made prior to the closing which were applied to the closing price. On June 12, 2012, Discover began originating mortgages with its launch of Discover Home Loans, offering prime variable- and fixed-rate conventional and FHA home mortgage loans.
Following the 2007-08 financial crisis, Discover received about $1.2 billion in bailout funds under the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP). The company announced in 2010 that it had received approval to pay back the funds.
In the United States, Discover, as a card brand, competes primarily with Visa, MasterCard, and American Express. Unlike Visa and MasterCard, Discover directly issues its cards, through its Discover Bank unit. When measured by card balances, Discover is the sixth largest credit card issuer in the U.S. behind JPMorgan Chase, Citigroup, Bank of America, Capital One and American Express, and ahead of Wells Fargo and U.S. Bank.
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