DuckDuckGo
DuckDuckGo
DuckDuckGo logo and wordmark (2014-present).svg
Type of site
Web search engine
Available in Multilingual
Headquarters 20 Paoli Pike, Paoli, Pennsylvania, United States
Area served Worldwide
Owner Duck Duck Go, Inc.[1]
Created by Gabriel Weinberg
Website duckduckgo.com
Alexa rank Increase 256 (September 14, 2018)[2]
Commercial Yes
Registration None
Launched September 25, 2008; 10 years ago (2008-09-25)
Current status Active
Written in Perl,[3]JavaScript, Python[4]

DuckDuckGo (DDG) is an Internet search engine that emphasizes protecting searchers' privacy and avoiding the filter bubble of personalized search results.[3] DuckDuckGo distinguishes itself from other search engines by not profiling its users and by deliberately showing all users the same search results for a given search term,[5] and emphasizes returning the best results, rather than the most results, generating those results from over 400 individual sources, including crowdsourced sites such as Wikipedia, and other search engines like Bing, Yahoo!, and Yandex.[6][7]

The company is based in Paoli, Pennsylvania, in Greater Philadelphia, and has 53 employees. The company name is a reference to the children's game duck, duck, goose.[8][9][10]

Some of DuckDuckGo's source code is free software hosted at GitHub under the Apache 2.0 License,[11] but the core is proprietary. The company registered the domain names ddg.gg on February 22, 2011, and ddg.co on September 20, 2013, which are used as shortened URL aliases that redirect to duckduckgo.com.

On September 18, 2014, Apple included DuckDuckGo in its Safari browser as an optional search engine.[12][13] On November 10, 2014, Mozilla added DuckDuckGo as a search option to Firefox 33.1.[14] On May 30, 2016, The Tor Project, Inc made DuckDuckGo the default search engine for Tor Browser 6.0.[15][16][17]

History

DuckDuckGo was founded in 2008[18] by Gabriel Weinberg,[19] an entrepreneur who previously launched Names Database, a now-defunct social network. Initially self-funded by Weinberg, DuckDuckGo is now[when?]advertising-supported, but the user has the option to disable ads.[20] The search engine is written in Perl[21] and runs on nginx, FreeBSD, and Linux.[3][22][23] DuckDuckGo is built primarily upon search APIs from various vendors. Because of this, TechCrunch characterized the service as a "hybrid" search engine.[24][25] At the same time, it produces its own content pages, and thus is similar to Mahalo, Kosmix, and SearchMe.[26] Weinberg explained the beginnings of the name with respect to the children's game duck, duck, goose. He said of the origin of the name: "Really it just popped in my head one day and I just liked it. It is certainly influenced/derived from duck duck goose, but other than that there is no relation, e.g., a metaphor."[27] DuckDuckGo was featured on TechCrunch's Elevator Pitch Friday in 2008,[24] and it was a finalist in the 2008 BOSS Mashable Challenge.[28]

In July 2010, Weinberg started a DuckDuckGo community website (duck.co) to allow the public to report problems, discuss means of spreading the use of the search engine, request features, and discuss open sourcing the code.[29]

The next month, Union Square Ventures invested in DuckDuckGo. Union Square partner Brad Burnham stated, "We invested in DuckDuckGo because we became convinced that it was not only possible to change the basis of competition in search, it was time to do it."[30] In addition, Trisquel, Linux Mint, and the Midori web browser switched to use DuckDuckGo as their default search engine.[31]

We didn't invest in it because we thought it would beat Google. We invested in it because there is a need for a private search engine. We did it for the Internet anarchists, people that hang out on Reddit and Hacker News.

Fred Wilson, 2012 TechCrunch Disrupt Conference in New York[32]

By May 2012, the search engine was attracting 1.5 million searches a day. Weinberg reported that it had earned US$115,000 in revenue in 2011 and had three employees, plus a small number of contractors.[33]Compete.com estimated 277,512 monthly visitors to the site in August 2012.[34] On April 12, 2011, Alexa reported a 3-month growth rate of 51%.[35] DuckDuckGo's own traffic statistics show that in August 2012 there were 1,393,644 visits per day, up from an average of 39,406 visits per day in April 2010 (the earliest data available).[36] In a lengthy profile in November 2012, The Washington Post indicated that searches on DuckDuckGo numbered up to 45,000,000 per month in October 2012. The article concluded: "Weinberg's non-ambitious goals make him a particularly odd and dangerous competitor online. He can do almost everything that Google or Bing can't because it could damage their business models, and if users figure out that they like the DuckDuckGo way better, Weinberg could damage the big boys without even really trying. It's asymmetrical digital warfare, and his backers at Union Square Ventures say Google is vulnerable."[8]

GNOME released Web (web browser) 3.10 on September 26, 2013, and starting with this version, the default search engine is DuckDuckGo.[37][38]

At its keynote speech at WWDC 2014, Apple announced that DuckDuckGo would be included as an option for search on both iOS 8 and OS X Yosemite.[39] On March 10, the Pale Moon web browser, starting with version 24.4.0, included DuckDuckGo as its default search engine, as well as listed it on the browser's homepage.[40] In May 2014, DuckDuckGo released a redesigned version to beta testers through DuckDuckHack.[41] On 21 May 2014, DuckDuckGo officially released the redesigned version that focused on smarter answers and a more refined look. The new version added many new features such as images, local search, auto-suggest, weather, recipes, and more.[42]

in July 2016, DuckDuckGo officially announced the extension of its partnership with Yahoo! that brought new features to all users of the search engine, including date filtering of results and additional site links. It also partners with Bing, Yandex, and defaultlogic.com resource to produce results or make use of features offered. The company also confirmed that it does not share user information with partner companies, as has always been its policy.[43][44]

Overview

DuckDuckGo's results are a compilation of "over 400" sources,[45] including Yahoo! Search BOSS; Wikipedia; Wolfram Alpha; Bing; its own Web crawler (the DuckDuckBot); and others.[3][45][46] It also uses data from crowdsourced sites, including Wikipedia, to populate "Zero-click Info" boxes - grey boxes above the results that display topic summaries and related topics.[10]

DuckDuckGo positions itself as a search engine that puts privacy first and as such it does not store IP addresses, does not log user information, and uses cookies only when required. Weinberg states: "By default, DuckDuckGo does not collect or share personal information. That is our privacy policy in a nutshell." However, they do maintain logs of all search terms used.[47]

Weinberg has refined the quality of his search engine results by deleting search results for companies he believes are content mills, like Demand Media's eHow, which publishes 4000 articles per day produced by paid freelance writers, which Weinberg says is, "...low-quality content designed specifically to rank highly in Google's search index." DuckDuckGo also filters pages with substantial advertising.[48]

Instant Answers

In addition to the indexed search results, DuckDuckGo displays relevant results, called Instant Answers, on top of the search page. These Instant Answers are collected from either 3rd party APIs or static data sources like text files. The Instant Answers are called zeroclickinfo because the intention behind these is to provide what the user is searching for on the search result page itself so that the user does not have to click any results to find what they are looking for. As of August 9, 2018, there are 1231 Instant Answers active.[49]

The Instant Answers are open source.[50] They are maintained on GitHub and anyone can build or work on them.

Tor hidden service

In August 2010, DuckDuckGo introduced anonymous searching, including an exit enclave, for its search engine traffic using Tor network and enabling access through a Tor hidden service. This allows anonymity by routing traffic through a series of encrypted relays. Weinberg stated: "I believe this fits right in line with our privacy policy. Using Tor and DDG, you can now be end to end anonymous with your searching. And if you use our encrypted homepage, you can be end to end encrypted as well."[51]

Voice search

In 2011, DuckDuckGo introduced voice search for users of the Google Chrome voice search extension.[52]

Bangs

DuckDuckGo includes "!Bang" keywords, which give users the ability to search on specific third-party websites - using the site's own search engine if applicable. As of 2017, approx. 10,000 "bangs" for a diverse range of Internet sites are available.[53]

Privacy browser

DuckDuckGo has a mobile app available for iOS and Android that forces websites to use HTTPS, blocks web trackers, and rates sites based on their privacy practices.[54] The service, released in January 2018, is also available as a browser extension for Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, and Apple Safari.[55]

Business model

DuckDuckGo earns revenue by serving ads from the Yahoo-Bing search alliance network, and through affiliate relationships with Amazon and eBay.[56]

Reception

In a June 2011 article, Harry McCracken of Time magazine commended DuckDuckGo, comparing it to his favorite hamburger restaurant, In-N-Out Burger:

It feels a lot like early Google, with a stripped-down home page. Just as In-N-Out doesn't have lattes or Asian salads or sundaes or scrambled eggs, DDG doesn't try to do news or blogs or books or images. There's no auto-completion or instant results. It just offers core Web search--mostly the "ten blue links" approach that's still really useful, no matter what its critics say ... As for the quality, I'm not saying that Weinberg has figured out a way to return more relevant results than Google's mighty search team. But DuckDuckGo ... is really good at bringing back useful sites. It all feels meaty and straightforward and filler-free ...[57]

The barebones approach cited in his quote have since changed; DuckDuckGo now has auto-completion and instant results for example. McCracken included the site in Time's list of "50 Best Websites of 2011".[58]

Thom Holwerda, who reviewed the search engine for OSNews, praised its privacy features and shortcuts to site-specific searches as well as criticizing Google for "track[ing] pretty much everything you do", particularly because of the risk of such information being subject to a U.S. government subpoena.[59] In 2012, in response to accusations that it was a monopoly, Google identified DuckDuckGo as a competitor. Weinberg was reportedly "pleased and entertained" by that acknowledgment.[8]

Traffic

It took 1,445 days to get 1M searches,
483 days to get 2M searches,
and then just 8 days to pass 3M searches: https://duckduckgo.com/traffic/

DuckDuckGo Twitter account (@duckduckgo), 18 June 2013[60][61][62]

In June 2013, DuckDuckGo indicated that it had seen a significant traffic increase; according to the website's Twitter account, on Monday, June 17, 2013, it had three million daily direct searches. On average during May 2013, it had 1.8 million daily direct searches. Some[63] relate this claim to the exposure of PRISM and to the fact that other programs operated by the National Security Agency (NSA) were leaked by Edward Snowden. Danny Sullivan wrote on Search Engine Land that despite the search engine's growth "it's not grown anywhere near the amount to reflect any substantial or even mildly notable switching by the searching public" for reasons due to privacy, and he concluded "No One Cares About "Private" Search".[64] In response, Caleb Garling of the San Francisco Chronicle argued: "I think this thesis suffers from a few key failures in logic" because a traffic increase had occurred and because there was a lack of widespread awareness of the existence of DuckDuckGo.[65] Later in September 2013, the search engine hit 4 million searches per day.[66][67][68]

As of August 2018, DDG was receiving 23 million direct queries per day.[69]

See also

References

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  2. ^ "Duckduckgo.com Traffic Statistics". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2018. 
  3. ^ a b c d Buys, Jon (July 10, 2010). "DuckDuckGo: A New Search Engine Built from Open Source". GigaOM OStatic blog. Archived from the original on March 17, 2011. Retrieved 2013. 
  4. ^ "Architecture". DuckDuckGo Community Platform. Retrieved 2015. 
  5. ^ "dontbubble.us". Retrieved . 
  6. ^ "Sources". DuckDuckGo Help pages. DuckDuckGo. Archived from the original on January 24, 2015. Retrieved 2017. 
  7. ^ Reader, Ruth (June 11, 2014). "DuckDuckGo & Yummly team up so you can search food porn in private". VentureBeat. Retrieved 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c Rosenwald, Michael (November 9, 2012). "Ducking Google in search engines". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2013. 
  9. ^ Arthur, Charles (July 10, 2013). "NSA scandal delivers record numbers of internet users to DuckDuckGo". The Guardian. Retrieved 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "About DuckDuckGo". DuckDuckGo. Retrieved 2018. 
  11. ^ "duckduckgo". March 16, 2012. Retrieved 2012 – via GitHub. 
  12. ^ Schwartz, Barry (June 2, 2014). "Big Win For DuckDuckGo: Apple Adding To Safari As Private Search Option". Search Engine Land. Retrieved 2014. 
  13. ^ "Apple - OS X Yosemite - Apps". Retrieved . 
  14. ^ "Firefox Notes". Mozilla.org. November 10, 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  15. ^ Lomas, Natasha (May 31, 2016). "Tor switches to DuckDuckGo search results by default". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2017. 
  16. ^ Southern, Matt (June 1, 2016). "DuckDuckGo Becomes Default Search Provider for Tor Browser". Search Engine Journal. Retrieved 2017. 
  17. ^ "Tor Browser 6.0 is released". Tor Project Blog. May 30, 2016. Retrieved 2017. 
  18. ^ Titlow, John Paul (February 20, 2014). "Inside DuckDuckGo, Google's Tiniest, Fiercest Competitor". Fast Company. Retrieved 2016. 
  19. ^ "Company History". Duckduckgo.com. June 3, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  20. ^ Chou, Jacky (January 29, 2015). "Duck Duck Go Startup Profile". Chouprojects.com. Retrieved 2014. 
  21. ^ "DuckDuckGoPerl · duckduckgo/duckduckgo Wiki · GitHub". GitHub. Retrieved 2016. 
  22. ^ Weinberg, Gabriel. "About Duck Duck Go". Duckduckgo.com. Retrieved 2011. 
  23. ^ "Architecture". DuckDuckGo.com. January 28, 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  24. ^ a b Kimerling, Dan (December 12, 2008). "Elevator Pitch Friday: Duck Duck Go, the Hybrid Search Engine". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2013. 
  25. ^ Weinberg, Gabriel (as epi0Bauqu) (March 25, 2010). "Duck Duck Go is starting to get coverage (thread: see remarks by Weinberg)". YCombinator Hacker News. Retrieved 2013. 
  26. ^ "Duck Duck Go Company Profile". Crunchbase.com. [dubious ][not in citation given]
  27. ^ Weinberg, Gabriel (as epi0Bauqu) (June 11, 2009). "How Often our Anti-spam Search Toolbar Blocks Sites (thread)". YCombinator Hacker News. Retrieved 2013. 
  28. ^ Hirsch, Adam (October 7, 2008). "Voting Round for the BOSS Mashable Challenge". Mashable. Retrieved 2013. 
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  30. ^ Burnham, Brad (October 13, 2011). "Duck Duck Go". Union Square Ventures blog. Retrieved 2011. 
  31. ^ Mithrandir (November 25, 2010). "DuckDuckGo in Web Browser". Trisquel.info. Retrieved 2013. 
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  33. ^ Farivar, Cyrus (May 16, 2012). "Private: some search engines make money by not tracking users". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2012. 
  34. ^ "DuckDuckGo Analytics Profile". Compete.com. [not in citation given]
  35. ^ "DuckDuckGo Analytics Profile". Alexa.com. 
  36. ^ "DuckDuckGo Official traffic". 
  37. ^ "Claudio Saavedra's ChangeLog". August 27, 2013. 
  38. ^ Clasen, Matthias (26 September 2013). "GNOME 3.10 Released". GNOME mailing list. Retrieved 2013. 
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  40. ^ "Pale Moon 24.4.0 Release Notes". Pale Moon. Moonchild Productions. Retrieved 2015. 
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  42. ^ "DuckDuckGo Reimagined & Redesigned". 
  43. ^ Brinkmann, Martin (July 1, 2016). "DuckDuckGo extends Yahoo partnership". gHacks. 
  44. ^ "DuckDuckGo is using yahoo for searches now". 
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  46. ^ "Wolfram Alpha and DuckDuckGo Partner on API Binding and Search Integration". Wolframalpha.com. April 18, 2011. 
  47. ^ "DDG Privacy". Duckduckgo.com.
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  49. ^ "DuckDuckGo Instant Answers". 
  50. ^ "Instant Answer repositories on GitHub". Retrieved 2015. 
  51. ^ "DuckDuckGo now operates a Tor exit enclave". Gabriel Weinberg's Blog. 13 Aug 2010. Archived from the original on 31 Dec 2010. 
  52. ^ "DuckDuckGo Tools". Duckduckgo.com[dead link]
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  54. ^ Melendez, Steven (23 January 2018). "DuckDuckGo Moves Privacy Beyond Search With New App And Extension". Fast Company. Retrieved 2018. 
  55. ^ Moon, Mariella (24 January 2018). "DuckDuckGo upgrades apps to block hidden ad trackers". Engadget. Oath Inc. Retrieved 2018. 
  56. ^ "Advertising and Affiliates". DuckDuckGo Community Platform. Retrieved . 
  57. ^ McCracken, Harry (June 14, 2011). "Duck Duck Go, the In-N-Out Burger of Search Engines". Time. Retrieved 2013. 
  58. ^ McCracken, Harry (August 16, 2011). "DuckDuckGo - The 50 Best Websites of 2011". Time. Retrieved 2013. 
  59. ^ Holwerda, Thom (June 21, 2011). "DuckDuckGo: The Privacy-centric Alternative to Google". OSNews. Retrieved 2013. 
  60. ^ "Twitter / duckduckgo: It took 1445 days to get 1M ..." duckduckgo. 18 June 2013. Archived from the original on 6 June 2014. Retrieved 2013. 
  61. ^ McGee, Matt (18 June 2013). "DuckDuckGo Passes 3 Million Searches, Just 8 Days After Hitting 2 Million". Search Engine Land. Archived from the original on 12 October 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  62. ^ Weber, Harrison (18 June 2013). "Google alternative DuckDuckGo hit nearly 3.1M queries yesterday, up 50% in 8 days as PRISM fears rise". The Next Web. Archived from the original on 12 October 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  63. ^ Krieger, Michael (Jul 10, 2013). "Search Engine "Duck Duck Go" Experiences Traffic Surge in Wake of NSA Scandal". Liberty Blitzkrieg. Retrieved 2015. 
  64. ^ Sullivan, Danny (June 22, 2013). "Duck Duck Go's Post-PRISM Growth Actually Proves No One Cares About "Private" Search". Search Engine Land. Retrieved 2013. 
  65. ^ Garling, Caleb (June 24, 2013). "Huge traffic spike hits 'private' search engines after NSA leaks". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2013. 
  66. ^ Gross, Grant (10 October 2013). "People flock to anonymizing services after NSA snooping reports". PCWorld Australia. Archived from the original on 12 October 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  67. ^ Miller, Ron (16 September 2013). "DuckDuckGo continues making huge audience gains". FierceContentManagement. Archived from the original on 12 October 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  68. ^ Leonhard, Woody (13 September 2013). "DuckDuckGo going straight up". InfoWorld. Archived from the original on 12 October 2013. Retrieved 2013. 
  69. ^ "DuckDuckGo Traffic". duckduckgo.com. Retrieved 2018. 

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

DuckDuckGo
 



 

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