Electron (software Framework)
Electron 0.36.4 Icon.png
Developer(s) GitHub
Initial release 15 July 2013; 4 years ago (2013-07-15)[1]
Stable release
1.8.3 / 5 March 2018; 13 days ago (2018-03-05)[2]
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Written in C++, JavaScript, Objective-C++, Python and Objective-C
Operating system Windows, Linux and macOS
Platform x86, x86-64, ARM
License MIT License[3]
Website electronjs.org

Electron (formerly known as Atom Shell[4]) is an open-source framework created and maintained by GitHub.[5] It allows for the development of desktop GUI applications using front and back end components originally developed for web applications: Node.js runtime for the backend and Chromium for the frontend. Electron is the main GUI framework behind several notable open-source projects including GitHub's Atom[6] and Microsoft's Visual Studio Code[7]source code editors, the Tidal music streaming service desktop application and the Light Table[8]IDE, in addition to the freeware desktop client for the Discord chat service.


  • On 11 April in 2013, Electron was started as Atom Shell.[9]
  • On 6 May 2014, Atom and Atom Shell became open-source with MIT license.[10]
  • On 17 April 2015, Atom Shell was renamed to Electron.[11]
  • On 11 May 2016, Electron reached version 1.0.[12]
  • On 20 May 2016, Electron allowed submitting packaged apps to the Mac App Store.[13][14][15][16]
  • On 2 August 2016, Windows Store support for Electron apps was added.[17][18]

Structure of an Electron application

A basic Electron app consists of three files: package.json (metadata), main.js (code) and index.html (graphical user interface). The framework is provided by the Electron executable file (electron.exe on Windows, electron.app on macOS, and electron on Linux). Developers wishing to add branding and custom icons can rename and/or edit the Electron executable file.

The most important file in the Electron file is package.json. It keeps information about the package. The most common information in package.json is:

  • "name", the application name
  • "version", the application version string
  • "main", the name of the main script file of the application

package.json is an npm file.[19]

Applications using Electron

A significant number of desktop applications are built with Electron including:[20]

See also


  1. ^ Earliest tagged release
  2. ^ "Release Notes". github.com. GitHub. 9 August 2017. 
  3. ^ "electron/LICENSE at master". GitHub. Retrieved 2017. 
  4. ^ Sawicki, Kevin (23 April 2015). "Atom Shell is now Electron". Atom. Retrieved 2015. 
  5. ^ https://github.com/atom/electron
  6. ^ https://github.com/atom/atom
  7. ^ James, Mike (23 November 2015). "Visual Studio Code - Now With Added Extensions". I Programmer. Retrieved 2015. 
  8. ^ Horner, Gabriel (10 December 2015). "Light Table 0.8.0". Retrieved 2017. 
  9. ^ Zhao, Cheng (11 April 2013). "Add submodules. · electron/electron@6ef8875". GitHub. Retrieved 2017. 
  10. ^ Sobo, Nathan (6 May 2014). "Atom Is Now Open Source". Atom Blog. Retrieved 2017. 
  11. ^ Sawicki, Kevin (8 April 2015). "Rename to electron by kevinsawicki · Pull Request #1389 · electron/electron". GitHub. Retrieved 2017. 
  12. ^ Lord, Jessica (11 May 2016). "Electron 1.0". Electron blog. Retrieved 2017. 
  13. ^ "Mac App Store Submission Guide". Electron Documentation. Retrieved 2017. 
  14. ^ Zhao, Cheng (16 October 2015). "Release electron v0.34.0 · electron/electron". OS X: Add experiment build for Mac App Store, read Mac App Store Submission Guide for more. 
  15. ^ Zhao, Cheng (20 May 2016). "Release electron v1.1.1 · electron/electron". OS X: Enable Mac App Store sandboxing without using temporary-exception. #5584, #5601 
  16. ^ Zhao, Cheng (18 May 2016). "Merge pull request #5584 from electron/sandbox-no-expl · electron/electron@e05f795". 
  17. ^ "Windows Store Guide". Electron Documentation. Retrieved 2017. 
  18. ^ Rieseberg, Felix (17 September 2016). "Update Windows Store Language · electron/electron@084110c". Retrieved 2017. 
  19. ^ "package.json". npm Documentation. Retrieved 2017. 
  20. ^ "Apps". Electron. Retrieved . 
  21. ^ Sawicki, Kevin (April 23, 2015). "Atom Shell is now Electron". Electron. Retrieved . 
  22. ^ Haack, Phil (May 16, 2017). "Announcing Git Integration for Atom and GitHub Desktop Beta". The GitHub Blog. Retrieved . 
  23. ^ Horner, Gabriel (December 10, 2015). "Light Table 0.8.0". Light Table Blog. Retrieved . 
  24. ^ https://techcommunity.microsoft.com/t5/Microsoft-Teams/Electron-Helper-and-branding/td-p/71595
  25. ^ Bright, Peter (April 29, 2015). "Microsoft's new Code editor is built on Google's Chromium". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2015. 
  26. ^ "Building hybrid applications with Electron". Several People Are Coding. Retrieved 2017. 
  27. ^ https://github.com/wireapp/wire-desktop
  28. ^ https://markdownify.js.org
  29. ^ https://github.com/cielito-lindo-productions/primitive.nextgen

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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