|Frankfurt Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region|
Map of the Frankfurt Rhine-Main metropolitan region
|Largest Cities||Frankfurt am Main
|o Type||Frankfurt/Rhine-Main Conurbation Planning Association|
|o Verbandsdirektor||Heiko Kasseckert (CDU)|
|o Metro||14,800 km2 (5,700 sq mi)|
|o Metro density||391.89/km2 (1,015.0/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|Nominal||EUR172/ $222 billion (6th in EU)|
The Frankfurt Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region, often simply referred to as Frankfurt Rhine-Main, Frankfurt Rhine-Main area or Rhine-Main area (German: Frankfurt/Rhein-Main, abbreviated FRM) is the third largest metropolitan region in Germany (after Ruhr and Berlin), with a total population exceeding 5.8 million. The metropolitan region is located in the central western part of Germany, and stretches over parts of three federal states: Hesse, Rhineland-Palatinate and Bavaria, as well as the cities of Frankfurt am Main, Wiesbaden, Offenbach, Mainz, Darmstadt and Aschaffenburg.
The polycentric region is named after its core city Frankfurt am Main and the two rivers Rhine and Main. The Frankfurt Rhine-Main area is officially designated as a European Metropolitan region by the German Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs and covers an area of roughly 13,000 square kilometers (5,000 sq mi).
Rhine-Main is a polycentric metropolitan region, but the economic size and political weight of the city of Frankfurt sets it into a very monocentric relation with her commuter belt. Since the early 1970s the Frankfurt am Main metropolitan area (German: Ballungsraum Frankfurt/Rhein-Main) is defined as an area encompassing the cities of Frankfurt and Offenbach and their directly neighboring districts.
The Regierungsbezirk Darmstadt of the state of Hesse could be seen as the next administrative division, as it lies entirely within the metropolitan region and further includes the cities of Darmstadt and Wiesbaden and a number of larger districts. Only on a level further, the metropolitan region also includes the cities and districts of Mainz and Aschaffenburg in the two adjoining federal states of Rhineland-Palatinate and Bavaria.
Eurostat's Urban Audit splits the Frankfurt Rhine-Main region into four Larger Urban Zones (LUZ). These zones do exclude a number of districts in the metropolitan area.
|Hierarchy of planning bodies||Major cities||Area||Population||Refs|
|Frankfurt am Main||248 km²||670,095||--|
|Offenbach am Main||45 km²||118,245||--|
|Larger Urban Zone||Major cities||Area||Population||Refs|
|Frankfurt am Main||248 km²||670,095|||
|Offenbach am Main||45 km²||118,245|||
|Picture||City or district||Area||Population|
|Frankfurt am Main||248 km²||670,095|
|Offenbach am Main||45 km²||118,245|
|Landkreis Offenbach||356 km²||337,986|
|Landkreis Darmstadt-Dieburg||659 km²||289,102|
|Landkreis Groß-Gerau||453 km²||253,502|
|--||Landkreis Alzey-Worms||588 km²||124,758|
|--||Landkreis Aschaffenburg||699 km²||173,946|
|Landkreis Miltenberg||716 km²||130,009|
|Total||Frankfurt Rhine-Main metropolitan region||14,800 km²||5,800,000|
The growth of the area is chiefly to be traced to the favorable communications, that promoted an early industrialization. Today however, the importance of industrial concerns has to a great extent been replaced by banking, trade and logistics. Frankfurt lies within the populous Blue Banana region of Europe, which here runs along the Rhine valley, and the city is also a stepping stone from and to various parts of Switzerland and Southern Germany. The Rhine-Ruhr is accessible via a one-hour trip on the Cologne-Frankfurt high-speed rail line, and the air route Frankfurt-Berlin is the busiest in German domestic air travel.
Frankfurt Airport is the busiest airport by passenger traffic in Germany and one of the three busiest airports in Europe. Thereby, along with a strong railway connection, the area also serves as a major transportation hub.
The Frankfurt/Rhine-Main metropolitan region is home to five universities and over 20 partly postgraduate colleges, with a total of over 200,000 students. The region's three public research universities, the
Notable colleges and universities of applied sciences (Fachhochschulen) include:
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