Free Cultural Works
Definition of Free Cultural Works logo, selected in a logo contest 2006.[1]

The Definition of Free Cultural Works is a definition of free content from 2006. The project evaluates and recommends compatible free content licenses.

History

The Open Content Project by David A. Wiley in 1998 was a predecessor project which defined open content. In 2003 Wiley joined the Creative Commons as "Director of Educational Licenses" and announced the Creative Commons and their licenses as successor to his Open Content project.[2][3]

Therefore, Creative Commons' Erik Möller[4] in collaboration with Richard Stallman, Lawrence Lessig, Benjamin Mako Hill,[4] Angela Beesley,[4] and others started in 2006 the Free Cultural Works project for defining free content. The first draft of the Definition of Free Cultural Works was published 3 April 2006.[5] The 1.0 and 1.1 versions were published in English and translated into some languages.[6]

The Definition of Free Cultural Works is used by the Wikimedia Foundation.[7] In 2008, the Attribution and Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons licenses were marked as "Approved for Free Cultural Works".[8]

Following in June 2009, Wikipedia migrated to use two licenses: the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike as main license, additionally to the previously used GNU Free Documentation License (which was made compatible[9]).[10] An improved license compatibility with the greater free content ecosystem was given as reason for the license change.[11][12]

In October 2014 the Open Knowledge Foundation's Open Definition 2.0 for Open Works and Open Licenses described "open" as synonymous to the definition of free in the "Definition of Free Cultural Works" (and also the Open Source Definition and Free Software Definition).[13] A distinct difference is the focus given to the public domain and that it focuses also on the accessibility ("Open access") and the readability ("open formats"). The same three creative commons licenses are recommended for open content (CC BY, CC BY-SA, and CC0[14][15][16]) as additionally three for open data intended own licenses, the Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL), the Open Data Commons Attribution License (ODC-BY) and the Open Data Commons Open Database License (ODbL).

"Free cultural works" approved licenses

References

  1. ^ TrueLogo contest on freedomdefined.org (2006)
  2. ^ OpenContent is officially closed. And that's just fine. on opencontent.org (30 June 2003, archived)
  3. ^ Creative Commons Welcomes David Wiley as Educational Use License Project Lead by matt (June 23rd, 2003)
  4. ^ a b c "History - Definition of Free Cultural Works". Freedomdefined.org. Retrieved .
  5. ^ "Revision history of "Definition" - Definition of Free Cultural Works". Freedomdefined.org. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "Definition of Free Cultural Works". Freedomdefined.org. 2008-12-01. Retrieved .
  7. ^ "Resolution:Licensing policy". Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved .
  8. ^ "Approved for Free Cultural Works". Creative Commons. 2009-07-24. Retrieved .
  9. ^ "FDL 1.3 FAQ". Gnu.org. Retrieved .
  10. ^ "Resolution:Licensing update approval - Wikimedia Foundation".
  11. ^ Wikipedia + CC BY-SA = Free Culture Win! on creativecommons.org by Mike Linksvayer, June 22nd, 2009
  12. ^ Licensing update rolled out in all Wikimedia wikis on wikimedia.org by Erik Moeller on June 30th, 2009 "Perhaps the most significant reason to choose CC-BY-SA as our primary content license was to be compatible with many of the other admirable endeavors out there to share and develop free knowledge"
  13. ^ Open Definition 2.1 on opendefinition.org
  14. ^ licenses on opendefinition.com
  15. ^ Creative Commons 4.0 BY and BY-SA licenses approved conformant with the Open Definition by Timothy Vollmer on creativecommons.org (December 27th, 2013)
  16. ^ Open Definition 2.0 released by Timothy Vollmer on creativecommons.org (October 7th, 2014)
  17. ^ licenses on freedomdefined.org

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Free_Cultural_Works
 



 

Connect with defaultLogic
What We've Done
Led Digital Marketing Efforts of Top 500 e-Retailers.
Worked with Top Brands at Leading Agencies.
Successfully Managed Over $50 million in Digital Ad Spend.
Developed Strategies and Processes that Enabled Brands to Grow During an Economic Downturn.
Taught Advanced Internet Marketing Strategies at the graduate level.


Manage research, learning and skills at defaultlogic.com. Create an account using LinkedIn to manage and organize your omni-channel knowledge. defaultlogic.com is like a shopping cart for information -- helping you to save, discuss and share.


  Contact Us