GoodRelations
GoodRelations
Year started2001[1]
Base standardsURI, OWL, RDFa
Related standardsMicroformat, RDFS, N-Triples, Turtle, JSON, JSON-LD, CSV
DomainSemantic Web
LicenseCC-BY-SA 3.0[2]
Abbreviationschema
Websitepurl.org/goodrelations/

GoodRelations is a Web Ontology Language-compliant ontology for Semantic Web online data, dealing with business-related goods and services.[3] It handles the individual relationships between a buyer, a seller and the products and services offered. In November 2012, it was integrated into the Schema.org ontology.[4]

Usage

GoodRelations became popular owing to its success in improving search engine results.[5]

By 2009, the ontology's Product concept was being used to describe over a million products and their prices.[6] By 2013, GoodRelations had been adopted by the search engines Yahoo!,[7][8]Google,[7] and Bing.[7] An analysis of online e-commerce data providers at that time found it to be the most prevalent ontology in use.[7] As of mid-2015, GoodRelations had become the de facto ontology for e-commerce,[8][9] and was in widespread use, having been adopted by retailers such as BestBuy.[8]

GoodRelations is additionally used in academic studies of the Semantic Web,[10][11] as a core ontology.[7][9]

Example

A shop, restaurant, or store, and its opening hours, may be specified using GoodRelations as in this example, which also uses vCard and FOAF:[12]

<div xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
     xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"
     xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/"
     xmlns:gr="http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#"
     xmlns:vcard="http://www.w3.org/2006/vcard/ns#"
     xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#">

  <div about="#store" typeof="gr:Location">
    <div property="gr:name" content="Pizzeria La Mamma"></div>
    <div rel="vcard:adr">
      <div typeof="vcard:Address">
        <div property="vcard:country-name" content="Germany"></div>
        <div property="vcard:locality" content="Munich"></div>
        <div property="vcard:postal-code" content="85577"></div>
        <div property="vcard:street-address" content="1234 Main Street"></div>
      </div>
    </div>
    <div property="vcard:tel" content="+33 408 970-6104"></div>
    <div rel="foaf:depiction" resource="http://www.pizza-la-mamma.com/image_or_logo.png">
    </div>
    <div rel="vcard:geo">
      <div>
        <div property="vcard:latitude" content="48.08" datatype="xsd:float"></div>
        <div property="vcard:longitude" content="11.64" datatype="xsd:float"></div>
      </div>
    </div>
    <div rel="gr:hasOpeningHoursSpecification">
      <div about="#mon_fri" typeof="gr:OpeningHoursSpecification">
        <div property="gr:opens" content="08:00:00" datatype="xsd:time"></div>
        <div property="gr:closes" content="18:00:00" datatype="xsd:time"></div>
        <div rel="gr:hasOpeningHoursDayOfWeek"
             resource="http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#Friday"></div>
        <div rel="gr:hasOpeningHoursDayOfWeek"
             resource="http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#Thursday"></div>
        <div rel="gr:hasOpeningHoursDayOfWeek"
             resource="http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#Wednesday"></div>
        <div rel="gr:hasOpeningHoursDayOfWeek"
             resource="http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#Tuesday"></div>
        <div rel="gr:hasOpeningHoursDayOfWeek"
             resource="http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#Monday"></div>
      </div>
    </div>
    <div rel="gr:hasOpeningHoursSpecification">
      <div about="#sat" typeof="gr:OpeningHoursSpecification">
        <div property="gr:opens" content="08:30:00" datatype="xsd:time"></div>
        <div property="gr:closes" content="14:00:00" datatype="xsd:time"></div>
        <div rel="gr:hasOpeningHoursDayOfWeek"
             resource="http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#Saturday"></div>
      </div>
    </div>
    <div rel="foaf:page" resource=""></div>
  </div>
</div>

References

Citations

  1. ^ "History - GoodRelations Wiki". wiki.goodrelations-vocabulary.org.
  2. ^ "GoodRelations Wiki:Copyrights - GoodRelations Wiki". wiki.goodrelations-vocabulary.org.
  3. ^ Antoniou, Harmelen & Hoekstra 2012, p. 176.
  4. ^ Hepp & Hoffner 2014, p. 34.
  5. ^ Antoniou, Harmelen & Hoekstra 2012, pp. 176-177.
  6. ^ Siegel 2009, p. 71.
  7. ^ a b c d e Ashraf, Jamshaid; Hussain, Omar Khadeer; Hussain, Farookh Khadeer (4 July 2013). "Empirical analysis of domain ontology usage on the Web: eCommerce domain in focus". Concurrency and Computation. 26 (5): 1157-1184. doi:10.1002/cpe.3089. To comprehensively understand the usage patterns of conceptual knowledge, instance data, and ontology co-usability, we considered GoodRelations ontology as the domain ontology and built a dataset by collecting structured data from 211 web-based data sources that have published information using the domain ontology.
  8. ^ a b c Sikos 2015, p. 16.
  9. ^ a b Svátek, Vojt?ch; Dudá?, Marek; Zamazal, Ond?ej (October 2016). "Adapting ontologies to best-practice artifacts using transformation patterns: Method, implementation and use cases". Web Semantics: Science, Services and Agents on the World Wide Web. 40: 52-64. doi:10.1016/j.websem.2016.07.002.
  10. ^ Rodríguez-García, Miguel Ángel; Valencia-García, Rafael; García-Sánchez, Francisco; Samper-Zapater, J. Javier (1 March 2014). "Creating a semantically-enhanced cloud services environment through ontology evolution". Future Generation Computer Systems. 32: 295-306. doi:10.1016/j.future.2013.08.003 – via ScienceDirect.
  11. ^ Barta, Robert; Feilmayr, Christina; Pröll, Birgit; Grün, Christoph; Werthner, Hannes (3 July 2017). "Covering the Semantic Space of Tourism: An Approach Based on Modularized Ontologies". ACM. pp. 1:1-1:8. doi:10.1145/1552262.1552263 – via ACM Digital Library.
  12. ^ As of this edit, this article uses content from "Quickstart", which is licensed in a way that permits reuse under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, but not under the GFDL. All relevant terms must be followed.

Sources


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

GoodRelations
 



 

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