Help:Citation Style 2

Citation Style 2 (CS2) is a method of referencing resource articles produced by the {{Citation}} template. All of the templates that belong to CS2 and to Citation Style 1 (CS1) are processed and rendered by the CS1 Lua module suite. There are various benefits to using a template, most notably that doing so produces a consistent look.

You are not required to use CS2 or any other citation template. As of October 2016, Resource: Citing sources § Variation in citation methods (WP:CITEVAR) states:

Editors should not attempt to change an article's established citation style merely on the grounds of personal preference, to make it match other articles, or without first seeking consensus for the change.

When you use any template, please consider reviewing its documentation. You can find it at the template's page in the template namespace by searching for Template: plus the name of the citation; for example, to find the documentation for {{Citation}}, enter Template:Citation in the Search box. You might need to scroll down a bit to find it.


Citation Style 2 differs from Citation Style 1 in these specific style characteristics:

  • uses a comma to separate individual elements of a rendered citation
  • terminal punctuation is omitted from the rendered citation unless overridden by
  • automatically sets unless overridden by a different value or the keyword none

How the templates work

CS2 templates present a citation generally as:

  • With author:
author (date), title, publisher, identifiers
  • Without author:
title, publisher, date, identifiers

For example:

  • Elk, Anne (November 16, 1972), Anne Elk's Theory on Brontosauruses, Monty Python's Flying Circus
  • Anne Elk's Theory on Brontosauruses, Monty Python's Flying Circus, November 16, 1972


Dates are generally included by three parameters:

  • date: Full date of publication edition being referenced, in the same format as other dates in citations in the same article. Must not be wikilinked.
  • OR: year: Year of publication edition being referenced
    • month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead. Must not be wikilinked.
    • origyear: Original publication year, for display alongside the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics, for instance origyear=First published 1859 or origyear=Composed 1904. This parameter only displays if there is a value for year or date.

Dates formats per WP:DATESNO:

  • Do not wikilink
  • Use month before day or day before month styles and use them consistently throughout the article
  • Access and archive dates in references should be in either the publication date format, or YYYY-MM-DD


Shortened footnotes and parenthetical referencing may create links that will jump to an anchor created by the CS2 template. Anchors are always created but may be modified by use of . The standard is formatted as CITEREFauthorslastnameyear. For example:

Elk, Anne (November 16, 1972), Anne Elk's Theory on Brontosauruses
Creates an anchor named CITEREFElk1972.
  • : Creates a custom anchor defined by ID. This is useful where the author and/or date is unknown.


Error checking:

See also

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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