Help:IPA/Thai and Lao

These charts illustrate International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) symbols used for pronunciations of the Thai (Siamese), Southern Thai, Isan (Northeastern Thai), Phu Thai and Lao in defaultlogic.com resource articles.

Consonants
IPA Central Thai Southern Thai Isan Phu Thai Lao English approximation
b ? ? ? ? ? abash
d ?,? ?,? ?,? ?,? ? ado
f ?,? ?,? ?,? ?,? ?,? food
h ?,? ?,? ?,? ?,? ?,? head
j ?,?,, ?,?,, ?,, ?,, ? yak
k ? ? ? ? ? scan
k? ?,?,?,?,? ?,?,?,?,? ?,?,?,?,? ?,?,?,?,? ?,? can
l ?,?, ?,?, ?,?, ?,,?,?, ?, law
m ?, ?, ?, ?, ?,? much
n ?,?, ?,?, ?,?, ?,?, ?,? not
? ?, ? ?, ?, ?, bang
?[1] -- -- ? ? ?, canyon
p ? ? ? ? ? span
p? ?,?,? ?,?,? ?,?,? ?,?,? ?,? pan
r[2] ?, ?, ?, -- ?, , raw
s ?,?,?,? ?,?,?,? ?,?,? ,?,?,?,? ?,?,? ,?,?,?,? ?,? sue
t ?,? ?,? ?,? ?,? ? stable
t? ?,?,?,?,?,? ?,?,?,?,?,? ?,?,?,?,?,? ?,?,?,?,?,? ?,? table
t? ? ? ? ? ? question
t[3] ?,?,? ?,?,? -- -- -- cheese
w ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, way
? ?, ? ? ?, ? ?, ? ? the catch in uh'-oh
 
Tone[4]
IPA Description
a: = ?: mid [a:?]
à: low [a:] or [a:?]
â: falling [a:] (Thai), high falling [a:] (Lao)
a?: low falling [a:] (Lao only)
á: high [a:] or [a:?]
?: rising [a:] or [a:]
Vowels
IPA Thai[5] Lao English approximation
Short vowels[6]
a , , cut
e , ? , ? mate
? , ? , ? bat
i , happy
o , , boat
? ?, ? off
u , shoot
? , Somewhat like North American good. [u] said with unrounded lips
? ? ?, ? the
Long vowels
a: , bra
e: , play
?: , man
i: , green
o: , go
?: , , dog
u: , , moon
?: , Roughly like good
?: , ? fur
Diphthongs[7][8]
ia?, i idea (shorter)
ia, i? ?, ? idea
ua?, u ? ? poor (shorter)
ua, u? , poor (British English)
?a?, pure (shorter)
?a, ?, ? pure (British English)

Notes

  1. ^ Not present in Central and Southern Thai.
  2. ^ Not present in Phu Thai.
  3. ^ Not present in Isan, Phu Thai and Lao.
  4. ^ In contrast to Pinyin romanization for Mandarin, Thai romanization uses diacritics in the same way as the IPA.
  5. ^ Diacritics are shown on a dotted circle "?".
  6. ^ In Thai and Lao, the signs and are respectively used to indicate a glottal stop after the vowel.
  7. ^ More diphthongs occur in the pattern /Vw/ or /Vj/: /aj, a:j, aw, a:w, iw, uj, u:j, ew, e:w, ?:w, ?:j, o:j, ?:j, iow, u?j, j/.
  8. ^ Each first element represents a Thai diphthong, with /a/ as the ending vowel (according to Tingsabadh, Kalaya; Abramson, Arthur S. (1993). "Thai". Journal of the International Phonetic Association. 23 (1): 24-28. doi:10.1017/S0025100300004746.).

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Help:IPA/Thai_and_Lao
 



 

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