Kia Tigers
Kia Tigers
Kia ?
Kia Tigers 2017 New Team Logo.png Kia Tigers 20017 New insignia.png
Team logo Cap insignia
Information
League KBO League (1982-present)
Location Gwangju, South Korea
Ballpark
Year established 1982; 35 years ago (1982)
Nickname(s) Tigers
League championships (8) 1983, 1988, 1991, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2009, 2017
Korean Series championships (11) 1983, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2009, 2017
Former name(s) Haitai Tigers (1982-2001)
Former ballparks
Colors Red, black and white
              
Retired numbers 7, 18
Ownership Kia Motors
Manager Kim Ki-tae
General Manager Seo Young-jong
Website http://www.tigers.co.kr
Uniforms
KBO-Uniform-Kia.png
Kia Tigers logo used in 2002-2009

Kia Tigers (Korean: ?) is a Korean professional baseball team founded in 1982 and based in the southwestern city of Gwangju. The Tigers are a members of the KBO League and are the most successful team in Korean baseball, having won the national championship, the Korean Series, eleven times.

After the success of the 1980s and 1990s, the fortunes of the team began to turn, resulting in them finishing bottom of the league for the first time in 2005, and again in 2007. In 2009, however, Kia Tigers won the 2009 KBO season and 2009 Korean Series.[1]

They were previously known as the Haitai Tigers ( ?). Their home stadium is Gwangju-Kia Champions Field in Gwangju.

History

1982 Season

Haitai Tigers was the third professional baseball team to be created in South Korea, after the OB Bears and MBC Chungyong. They were founded on January 30, 1982 with 14 players. Kim Dong-yeob, the first manager of the team was fired after just one month, and Jo Chang-soo took over his position and led the team to a record of 38-42. Due to the lack of position players, many players in the league both pitched and batted. Kim Sung-han of the Tigers set a record of ten wins and led in RBIs the first year.

1983-1985: Kim Eung-ryong's first three seasons

Haitai Tigers hired Kim Eung-ryong as manager, who studied baseball in the United States. He eventually led the team to its first championship in 1983. The Tigers won the Korean Series 4-0-1 against MBC Chungyong. Although the team did not make it to the playoffs for the next two years, it set the foundation for the golden years to come by signing in future stars Lee Soon-chul, Sun Dong-yeol and Kim Sung-han. Bang Soo-won pitched the first no-hitter in Korean baseball history in 1984 against the Sammi Superstars.

1986-1997 : Haitai Tigers Dynasty - Sun Dong-yeol and Lee Jong-beom

In 1986, the Tigers finished in second place in the pennant race with a team ERA of 2.86 and BA of 2.72 to go straight to the Korean Series against the Samsung Lions. They went on to win their second Korean Series 4-1.

Until 1989, the Haitai Tigers won once more against the Samsung Lions and twice against the Bingrae Eagles (currently Hanwha Eagles) to complete four consecutive Korean Series wins. Kim Jung-soo, Kim Joon-hwan, Moon Hye-soo, Park Chul-woo respectively were named MVPs of each series.

Haitai Tigers lost in the playoffs to Samsung Lions in 1990, but won the next Korean series the following year. In 1991, the Tigers set a record when the team won six out of ten golden gloves.

1993 was the year of rookie shortstop Lee Jong-beom, closer Sun Dong-yeol and starters Lee Dae-jin and Lee Gang-chul. The Tigers won 81 out of 126 games and also their seventh Korean Series, defeating the Samsung Lions.

In 1994, Lee Jong-beom batted an average of 0.393, the second highest in Korean baseball history, but the team lost the semi-playoffs to the Hanhwa Eagles. The Tigers ended up in fourth the next year due to Lee Jong-beom and Lee Dae-jin leaving the team for military service, which is mandatory for all male South Korean citizens over 18.

Star closer Sun Dong-yeol was also transferred to the Chunichi Dragons in 1996, but Lim Chang-yong and Gang Tae-won filled in his position to lead the team to its eighth Korean Series win over the Hyundai Unicorns.

The next year, Lee Jong-beom and Lee Dae-jin returned from military service and with their help the Tigers again won the Korean Series, defeating the LG Twins, to bring the total to nine champion wins.

1998-2001: The decline of the dynasty

Due to the Asian financial crisis in 1998, Haitai was forced to sell the team to Kia in 2001. Until then the Tigers were was also in financial difficulty, could not convince their major players to stay. Eventually they lost Lee Jong-beom to the Chunichi Dragons, and closer Lim Chang-yong and manager Kim Eung-ryong to the Samsung Lions.

2001-2004: Kim Sung-han

Lee Jong-beom returned from Japan, and rookies Hong Se-wan, catcher Kim Sang-hoon and pitcher Kim Jin-woo joined between 2001 and 2002 to lead the team to the playoffs for three straight years from 2002 to 2004. But each time they were beaten, by the LG Twins, the SK Wyverns, and the Doosan Bears respectively.

2005-2008: Dark ages

Kia Tigers lost 76 games to end up in eighth place in 2005. Manager Yoo Nam-ho was fired and Seo Jung-hwan took charge, but again ended up in last place in 2007 despite his effort and joining of former MLB player Hee-seop choi.

Batting coach Jo Beom-hyun was promoted to the new manager position in June 2007. Former MLB pitcher Seo Jae-weong joined the team the next year in 2008, but because of a weak lineup, unstable defense and bullpen problems, the Tigers finished the pennant race in sixth place.

2009: The renaissance of the dynasty

The 2009 season featured a rough start for the Tigers, and it looked as if the strong starting rotation of Rick Guttormson, Aquilino López, Yoon Suk-min, and Yang Hyeon-jong would get little support from the team's offense. But with Lee Jong-beom's leadership, Choi Hee-seop's revival from his three-year-long slump, and Kim Sang-hyeon's hitting, the Tigers won the pennant with the second lowest team ERA in the league (3.92) and a win percentage of 0.609.

The Tigers won the 2009 KBO season and 2009 Korean Series, which was the first "double- victory" (having the best record in the regular season and then winning the Korea Series) by a team in the KBO since 1997.[2] Twenty-four-year-old Outfielder Na Ji-Wan was named the series MVP after hitting a walk-off home run in the bottom of the ninth inning in Game Seven of the series.

2012 to 2014: Second "Dark age"

Gwangju-Kia Champions Field, home field of Kia Tigers.

On October 18, 2011, Sun Dong-yeol and Lee Sun-cheol returned to the Tigers. Sun Dong-yeol was named the new manager and Lee Sun-choel was named the new head coach of the KIA Tigers.

In Sun's first season, the Tigers finished a disappointing fifth place after making the play-offs in 2012. Struggling for most of the year, a late playoff surge saw the Tigers fall just short of their rivals, the Lotte Giants, who claimed the fourth and final post season position. The final weeks, however, inspired a lot of confidence that 2013 would be a good year after starting pitchers Seo Jae-weong, Kim Jin-woo and Yoon Suk-min all posted complete game wins.

Sun Dong-yeol was retained as manager of the Tigers and after a very promising pre-season, the Tigers were considered one of the favorites for the Korean Series. Their early season form was blistering and, by early May, they sat top of the table. The batters, especially Choi Hee-seop, came alive and left handed pitcher Yang Hyeon-jong was enjoying his best run since notching up 16 wins in 2010.

But the Tigers made a disastrous trade when they off-loaded 2009 MVP Kim Sang-hyeon to the SK Wyverns for right handed pitcher Song Eun-beom. Song had previously pitched in the Korean Series against the Samsung Lions but his form plummeted and KIA went on to rue the missing power from Kim once Choi, and others, faded horribly as the season progressed. They were effectively out of the play-off hunt with over a month to go, ending the 2013 season with just 51 wins from their 128 games in eighth place out of nine teams, ahead of the Hanwha Eagles.

In 2014, the Tigers moved to their new home, the 27,000 capacity Gwangju KIA Champions Field. Sun Dong-yeol was given his third season with the club, but Lee Sun-cheol moved on. Free agents Lee Yong-kyu (Hanwha Eagles) and Yoon Suk-min (Baltimore) left the club but the Tigers brought in LG Twins' center-fielder Lee Dae-hyung as a free agent. Lee, born in Gwangju, was joined at his home town club by Kim Byung-hyun, a two-time World Series champion. Their three foreign players were starting pitcher D.J. Houlton, closer Jairo Asencio and first baseman Brett Pill. Houlton was replaced midway through the season by Justin Thomas.

Despite posting some solid batting numbers, the Tigers finished eighth in the standings, one place above the Hanwha Eagles, with a .422 winning percentage from their 128 games (54 wins, 74 losses). The team had the second worst ERA in the League (5.52), and the joint most number of blown saves (21). Yang Hyeon-jong finished 2014 with 16 wins, his best figures since 2010. First baseman Pill hit 19 home runs for the season, the same number as Na Ji-wan and Lee Beom-ho. Infielder An Chi-hong struck a career-best 18 home runs and a .339 batting average.

The Tigers controversially re-signed manager Sun to a new two-year deal with an annual salary of 380 million won (US$359,500) and a 300 million won signing bonus just days after the regular season ended. Irate fans swamped the club's website demanding the 51-year-old tear up his new contract. Six days later, on October 25, Sun announced that he was stepping down as Tigers manager.

On October 28, 2014, the club announced that Kim Ki-tae, born in Gwangju, would be their new manager, having signed a three-year deal. In 2013, Kim led the LG Twins to their first post-season in eleven years, but quit just a month into the new season. As a player, Kim led the League in home runs (1994) and won the batting title in 1997. After retiring, Kim was voted the league's best ever designated hitter.

Retired numbers

Season-by-season records

Season Stadium League Finish Regular season Postseason Awards
Rank Games Wins Losses Draws Win% BA HR ERA
Haitai Tigers
1982 Gwangju Mudeung Baseball Stadium KBO 4/6 4/6 40 20 20 0 .500 .261 84 3.79 Did not qualify
T-4/6 40 18 22 0 .450
1983 KBO 1/6 1/6 50 30 19 1 .612 .268 78 3.17 Won Korean Series vs. MBC Chungyong 4-1-0
4/6 50 25 25 0 .500
1984 KBO 5/6 5/6 50 19 29 2 .396 .248 76 3.16 Did not qualify
3/6 50 24 25 1 .490
1985 KBO 3/6 3/6 55 29 26 0 .527 .272 99 3.64 Did not qualify Kim Seong-han (MVP)
Lee Sun-cheol (ROTY)
3/6 55 28 26 1 .519
1986 KBO 1/7 2/7 54 34 18 2 .654 .259 99 2.86 Won Korean Series vs. Samsung Lions 4-1 Sun Dong-yol (MVP)
2/7 54 33 19 2 .635
1987 KBO 1/7 T-3/7 54 27 25 2 .519 .252 71 3.16 Won Playoff vs. OB Bears 3-2
Won Korean Series vs. Samsung Lions 3-2
2/7 54 28 23 3 .549
1988 KBO 1/7 1/7 54 34 19 1 .639 .283 112 2.86 Won Korean Series vs. Binggrae Eagles 4-2 Kim Seong-han (MVP)
1/7 54 34 19 1 .639
1989 KBO 1/7 2/7 120 65 51 4 .558 .255 90 3.34 Won Playoff vs. Taepyoungyang Dolphins 3-0
Won Korean Series vs. Binggrae Eagles 4-1
Sun Dong-yol (MVP)
1990 KBO 3/7 2/7 120 68 49 3 .579 .270 87 3.36 Lost Playoff vs. Samsung Lions 0-3 Sun Dong-yol (MVP)
1991 KBO 1/8 1/8 126 79 42 5 .647 .259 144 2.89 Won Korean Series vs. Binggrae Eagles 4-0
1992 KBO 3/8 2/8 126 71 54 1 .567 .272 138 4.21 Lost Playoff vs. Lotte Giants 2-3
1993 KBO 1/8 1/8 126 81 42 3 .659 .251 95 2.92 Won Korean Series vs. Samsung Lions 4-2
1994 KBO 4/8 4/8 126 65 59 2 .524 .271 93 3.60 Lost Playoff vs. Hanwha Eagles 0-3 Lee Jong-beom (MVP)
1995 KBO 4/8 4/8 126 64 58 4 .524 .242 75 3.06 Did not qualify
1996 KBO 1/8 1/8 126 73 51 2 .587 .245 92 3.14 Won Korean Series vs. Hyundai Unicorns 4-2
1997 KBO 1/8 1/8 126 75 50 1 .599 .258 133 3.65 Won Korean Series vs. LG Twins 4-1
1998 KBO 5/8 5/8 126 61 64 1 .488 .258 94 3.91 Did not qualify  
1999 Dream League 7/8 4/4 132 60 69 3 .465 .278 210 5.21 Did not qualify
2000 Dream League 6/8 4/4 133 57 72 4 .442 .252 86 4.95 Did not qualify  
2001 KBO 5/8 5/8 133 60 68 5 .469 .278 142 5.01 Did not qualify
Kia Tigers
2002 Gwangju Mudeung Baseball Stadium KBO 3/8 2/8 133 78 51 4 .605 .269 120 3.92 Lost Playoff vs. LG Twins 2-3
2003 KBO 3/8 2/8 133 78 50 5 .609 .272 129 3.62 Lost Playoff vs. SK Wyverns 0-3
2004 KBO 4/8 4/8 133 67 61 5 .523 .267 143 4.51 Lost Semi-playoff vs. Doosan Bears 0-2
2005 KBO 8/8 8/8 126 49 76 1 .392 .260 99 4.85 Did not qualify
2006 KBO 4/8 4/8 126 64 59 3 .520 .255 62 3.36 Lost Semi-playoff vs. Hanwha Eagles 1-2
2007 KBO 8/8 8/8 126 51 74 1 .408 .257 73 4.52 Did not qualify  
2008 KBO 6/8 6/8 126 57 69 0 .452 .260 48 4.08 Did not qualify
2009 KBO 1/8 1/8 133 81 48 4 .609 .267 156 3.92 Won Korean Series vs. SK Wyverns 4-3 Kim Sang-hyeon (MVP)
2010 KBO 5/8 5/8 133 59 74 0 .444 .260 106 4.39 Did not qualify
2011 KBO 4/8 4/8 133 70 63 0 .526 .269 106 4.10 Lost Semi-playoff vs. SK Wyverns 1-3 Yoon Suk-min (MVP)
2012 KBO 5/8 5/8 133 62 65 6 .488 .256 54 3.90 Did not qualify  
2013 KBO 8/9 8/9 128 51 74 3 .408 .261 88 5.12 Did not qualify  
2014 Gwangju-Kia Champions Field KBO 8/9 8/9 128 54 74 0 .422 .288 121 5.82 Did not qualify  
2015 KBO 7/10 7/10 144 67 77 0 .465 .251 136 4.79 Did not qualify
2016 KBO 5/10 5/10 144 70 73 1 .490 .286 170 4.97 Lost Wild Card vs. LG Twins 1-1*  
2017 KBO 1/10 1/10 144 87 56 1 .608 .302 170 4.79 Won Korean Series vs. Doosan Bears 4-1 Yang Hyeon-jong (MVP)
Overall record Wins Losses Draws Win%  
2307 2088 88 .525
56 37 1 .602
2363 2125 89 .527

Personnel

Current lineup

Managers

References

General
Specific

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.


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