MEAN (software Bundle)
Common logo used to represent MEAN stacks.

MEAN is a free and open-source JavaScript software stack for building dynamic web sites and web applications.[1]

The MEAN stack is MongoDB, Express.js, AngularJS (or Angular), and Node.js. Because all components of the MEAN stack support programs are written in JavaScript, MEAN applications can be written in one language for both server-side and client-side execution environments.

Name and history

MEAN was given by Valeri Karpov, a MongoDB developer. He introduced the term in a 2013 blog post.[2]

The logo concept, initially created by Austin Anderson for the original MEAN stack LinkedIn group, is an assembly of the first letter of each component of the MEAN acronym.[3]

The components of the MEAN stack are as follows:[2][4]

A number of variations on the traditional MEAN stack are available by replacing one or more of the components with similar (typically Javascript-based) frameworks. For example: In a MEEN stack, the JavaScript MVC framework Ember.js is used instead of Angular, and likewise for the MERN stack, where React.JS is used as a substitute.[5]


Some popular alternatives include MERN with React.js, MEVN with Vue.js, or MEN with Vanilla JS.

See also


  1. ^ " The Friendly & Fun Javascript Fullstack for your next web application".
  2. ^ a b "The MEAN Stack: MongoDB, ExpressJS, Angular and Node.js". Tumblr. Apr 30, 2013.
  3. ^ "Mean Stack". LinkedIn.
  4. ^ "Angular 2 and NodeJS - The Practical Guide to MEAN Stack 2.0". February 2017.
  5. ^

Further reading

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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