Pewabic Pottery is a ceramic studio and school at 10125 East Jefferson Avenue, Detroit, Michigan. Founded in 1903, the studio is known for its iridescent glazes, some of which grace notable buildings such as the Shedd Aquarium and Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception. The pottery continues in operation today, and was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1991.
Origin and history
The pottery was founded in 1903 by the artist and teacher
Mary Chase Perry Stratton and Horace James Caulkins, her business partner. Caulkins was considered a high-heat and  kiln specialist, and developed the "Revelation kiln". Mary Perry Stratton was "the artistic and marketing force." The collaboration of two and their blend of art and technology gave the pottery its distinctive qualities as Detroit's contribution to the International  Arts and Crafts movement and exemplified the American Craftsman Style. 
The word Pewabic is derived from the
Ojibwa (or Chippewa) word "wabic", which means metal, or "bewabic", which means iron or steel, and specifically referring to the "Pewabic" Upper Peninsula copper mine where Ms. Stratton walked with her father. The company is well known for the unusual iridescent glaze covering the pottery and tiles created in a manner outlined by the International Arts and Crafts movement.   
In 1991, Pewabic Pottery was designated as a
National Historic Landmark. See also, List of National Historic Landmarks in Michigan. As Michigan's only historic pottery, the center continues to operate in a 1907 Tudor Revival building as a non-profit educational institution. They offer classes in ceramics, hold exhibitions, sell pottery made in house, showcase and sell artists from across the United States, and offer design and fabrication services for public and private buildings.
Museum and galleries
The museum's exhibits focus on the company's role in the history of Detroit, the
Arts and Crafts movement in America and the development of ceramic art in the country. The galleries also showcase new works by modern ceramic artists.
Pewabic Pottery produces many kinds of hand made decorative objects. They are part of the collections of the
Detroit Institute of Arts and the Freer Gallery of Art.  Examples abound in the  External Links hereafter.
Under Mary Stratton's artistic leadership, Pewabic Pottery employees created lamps, vessels, and architectural tiles.Architectural pieces have been a staple in Pewabic's history. They were known for their iridescent (like an oil slick with an incredible translucent quality and a phantasmagoric depth of color) glazes. Architectural tiles were used in churches, concert halls, fountains, libraries, museums, schools and public buildings. The studio's work graces numerous edifices throughout Michigan and the rest of the United States. Noteworthy examples include Herzstein Hall at
Rice University in Houston, Texas, and the  Shedd Aquarium in Chicago. Illinois. Detailed maps of public installations in the Detroit Metropolitan Area and the U.S.A. are available.   See Architectural tile infra.
Particularly notable was the company's work at the
Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C., consisting of arches outlined with iridescent Pewabic tile, huge ceramic medallions set in the ceiling, and fourteen Stations of the Cross for the crypt. 
Pewabic's design team continues to create ornate tile conceptions for public and private buildings. Contemporary installations include Comerica Park, home of the Detroit Tigers, Detroit Medical Center Children's Hospital, five Detroit People Mover stations, Third Man Records (Detroit), stations for the Q-Line, and the
Herald Square in New York City.
Pewabic tile was (and continues to be) in great demand in Detroit and the southeastern Michigan area for the use in buildings and it can be found in many of the area's finest structures.
Belle Isle Aquarium, Belle Isle Park Detroit, Michigan
Cathedral Church of St. Paul, Detroit, Michigan 
Charles Lang Freer House, 71 East Ferry Avenue (Current name: Palmer, Merrill, Institute of Human Development & Family Life) Detroit, Michigan 
Christ Church, Cranbrook, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
Compuware World Headquarters, Detroit, Michigan
Cowles House (a/k/a Alice B. Cowles house, formerly known as Faculty Row House Number 7 and presently the Michigan State University President's home), East Lansing, Michigan
Cranbrook Kingswood School, many facilities 
Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, Michigan (loggia) 
Detroit People Mover many stations, Detroit, Michigan  
Detroit Public Library Children's Room, Detroit, Michigan  
Detroit Zoological Park, Royal Oak, Michigan
Edward H. McNamara Terminal, Northwest Airlines, Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, Romulus, Michigan
English Inn (formerly Medovue Manor), Eaton Rapids, Michigan built in 1927 for Oldsmobile President Irving Jacob Reuter  Father
Solanus Casey Center, Detroit, Michigan  
Guardian Building, Detroit, Michigan.  Harper House, 1408 Cambridge Drive,
Lansing, Michigan 
Hill Auditorium, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan
Kedzie North, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan
Kirk in the Hills, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan Lawrence Fisher Mansion, Detroit, Michigan
Mackenzie High School, 9275 Wyoming Avenue, Detroit, Michigan (Now at the landfill - demolished)
Maude Priest School, Detroit, Michigan 
Michigan Historical Museum, Lansing, Michigan 
Michigan League, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 
Michigan Union, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 
Michigan State University Memorial Chapel, East Lansing, Michigan Michigan State University Union Women's Lounge (fireplace), East Lansing, Michigan
Former Morton High School building, Richmond, Indiana
Morton High School, Richmond, Indiana
National Theater, Monroe and Farmer, Detroit, Michigan (facade, 1911) 
North Kedzie Hall, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan
Oakland Family Services, Pontiac, Michigan 
Sacred Heart Major Seminary, Detroit, Michigan
Scott Fountain, Belle Isle Park, Detroit, Michigan, 1922 
Shaw Hall, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan
Southfield Public Library, Southfield, Michigan
Stephen M. Ross School of Business, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan
Wayne State University David Adamany Undergraduate Library, 5155 Gullen Mall Detroit, MI 48202-3962  
Wayne State University Merrill Palmer Institute, Detroit, Michigan  
Wayne State University, Old Main, Previously, Detroit Central High School, 4841 Cass Detroit, MI 48201   Women's City Club now Detroit Police Academy, Elizabeth and Park, Detroit, Michigan
National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". . National Park Service. National Register of Historic Places
"Pewabic Pottery". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2012-10-06 . Retrieved .
"National Park Service designation of Pewabic Pottery as National Historic Landmark".
"Historian chronicles historic pottery".
"Brunk, Thomas W., Ph.D., Curator on Pewabic Pottery history and exhibit at Marshall Fredericks Museum". Archived from the original on 2010-05-30 . Retrieved .
^ a b
"Nolan, Jenny, . Pewabic tile, Detroit's art treasure Detroit News"
". Archived from Painting With Fire: Pewabic Vessels in the Margaret Watson Parker Collection (University of Michigan Art Museum)" the original on 2007-07-13 . Retrieved .
^ a b
"Child's history of Pewabic Pottery and Mary Stratton--Michigan Historical Museum" (PDF).
^ a b
"Craft in America, Mary Chase Perry Stratton".
^ a b
"Nolan, Jenny, . Pewabic tile, Detroit's art treasure. Detroit News"
"The Perils of Planning...Or Not" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-07-25 . Retrieved .
"See, maps and detailed lists of U.S. and Detroit metropolitan area architectural installations of Pewabic Pottery, Pewabic Pottery home page". Archived from the original on 2007-11-11 . Retrieved .
"Maps and detailed lists of U.S. and Detroit metropolitan area architectural installations of Pewabic Pottery, Pewabic Pottery home page". Archived from the original on 2007-11-11 . Retrieved .
^ a b c d e f
"Map and list of Detroit cultural center installations". Archived from the original on 2007-11-12 . Retrieved .
"City of Detroit Planning and Development Department on Charles Lang Freer house" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-18 . Retrieved .
"Map and list of Cranbrook area installations". Archived from the original on 2007-11-12 . Retrieved .
"Map and list of People Mover architectural installations". Archived from the original on 2007-11-12 . Retrieved .
"Picture of People Mover Station, Pewabic Pottery home page". Archived from the original on 2007-12-11 . Retrieved .
"English Inn history page".
"Solanus Casey Center home page".
"Picture of Solanus Casey installation, Pewabic Pottery home page". Archived from the original on 2007-12-11 . Retrieved .
"Harper House description".
"Bhaktivedanta Cultural Center".
"Picture Maude Priest School, Pewabic Pottery home page". Archived from the original on 2007-12-11 . Retrieved .
^ a b
"Historian chronicles story of Pewabic Pottery".
"List and map of Detroit Metro area installations". Archived from the original on 2007-11-12 . Retrieved .
"Picture, Oakland Family Services donor wall, Pewabic Pottery home page". Archived from the original on 2007-09-18 . Retrieved .
"List and maps of Detroit metro installations". Archived from the original on 2007-11-12 . Retrieved .
^ a b
"Picture, David Adamany Library installation Pewabic Pottery home page". Archived from the original on 2007-12-11 . Retrieved .
"Picture, wall murat at Merrill Palmer Institute, Pewabic Pottery home page". Archived from the original on 2007-09-18 . Retrieved .
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