Portal:New York City

Introduction

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The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described uniquely as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, and sports. The city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.

Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, each of which is a separate county of the State of New York. The five boroughs - Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, The Bronx, and Staten Island - were consolidated into a single city in 1898. The city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York City is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States, the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world. In 2017, the New York metropolitan area produced a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of US$1.73 trillion. If greater New York City were a sovereign state, it would have the 12th highest GDP in the world.

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The New York Times (or NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851. It has won 112 Pulitzer Prizes, more than any other news organization. Its website is one of America's most popular news sites - and most popular among all the nation's newspapers - receiving more than 30 million unique visitors per month.

The paper's print version remains the largest local metropolitan newspaper in the United States and third-largest newspaper overall, behind The Wall Street Journal and USA Today. Following industry trends, its weekday circulation has fallen to fewer than one million daily since 1990. Nicknamed The Gray Lady, The Times is long regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record". It is owned by The New York Times Company. The company's chairman is Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr., whose family has controlled the paper since 1896. Its international version, formerly The International Herald Tribune, is now called The International New York Times.

The paper's motto, "All the News That's Fit to Print", appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. Its website has adapted it to "All the News That's Fit to Click". It is organized into sections: News, Opinions, Business, Arts, Science, Sports, Style, Home, and Features. The New York Times stayed with the eight-column format for several years after most papers switched to six, and was one of the last newspapers to adopt color photography.

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Richard Stallman in 2007
Richard Matthew Stallman (born March 16, 1953 in New York City), often abbreviated "rms" is an American software freedom activist, hacker (programmer), and software developer. In September 1983, he launched the GNU Project to create a free Unix-like operating system, and has been the project's lead architect and organizer. With the launch of the GNU Project, he started the free software movement and, in October 1985, set up the Free Software Foundation.

Stallman pioneered the concept of copyleft and is the main author of several copyleft licenses including the GNU General Public License, the most widely used free software license. Since the mid-1990s, Stallman has spent most of his time advocating for free software, as well as campaigning against both software patents and what he sees as excessive extension of copyright laws. Stallman has also developed a number of pieces of widely used software, including the original Emacs, the GNU Compiler Collection, and the GNU Debugger. He co-founded the League for Programming Freedom in 1989.

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Jacob Aaron Westervelt

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The Battle of Long Island

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View from the Rockefeller Center by sunset
New York City, the largest city in the United States, is home to 5,845 completed high-rises, 97 of which stand taller than 600 feet (183 m). The tallest building in New York is the One World Trade Center, which rises 1,776 feet (541 m) and was topped out on May 10, 2013. The 104-story skyscraper also stands as the tallest building in the United States, the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere, and the 4th-tallest building in the world. The tallest completed building in the city is the 102-story Empire State Building in Midtown Manhattan, which was finished in 1931 and rises to 1,250 feet (381 m), increased to 1,454 feet (443 m) by its antenna. It also is the fourth-tallest building in the United States and the 23rd-tallest building in the world. The Empire State Building stood as the tallest building in the world from its completion until 1972, when the 110-story North Tower of the original World Trade Center was completed. At 1,368 feet (417 m), One World Trade Center briefly held the title as the world's tallest building until the completion of the 108-story Sears Tower (now known as the Willis Tower) in Chicago in 1974. The World Trade Center towers were destroyed by terrorist attacks in 2001, and the Empire State Building regained the title of tallest building in the City. The third-tallest building in New York is the Bank of America Tower, which rises to 1,200 feet (366 m), including its spire. Tied for fourth-tallest are the 1,046-foot (319 m) Chrysler Building, which was the world's tallest building from 1930 until 1931, and the New York Times Building, which was completed in 2007.

New York City skyscrapers are concentrated in Midtown and Lower Manhattan, although other neighborhoods of Manhattan and the boroughs of Brooklyn, Queens and The Bronx also have significant numbers of high-rises. As of January 2011, the entire city has 228 buildings that rise at least 500 feet (152 m) in height, including those under construction, more than any other city in the United States.

Since 2003, New York City has seen the completion of that rise at least 600 feet (183 m) in height. Thirteen more are under construction, including One World Trade Center, which will be the tallest building in the country when complete. One World Trade Center is part of the redevelopment of the World Trade Center, which also includes the 975-foot (297 m) 4 World Trade Center, 7 World Trade Center and the two under-construction buildings: the 1,350-foot (411 m) 2 World Trade Center and the 1,171-foot (357 m) 3 World Trade Center. Overall, as of November 2013, there were buildings under construction or proposed for construction in New York City.

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History New Amsterdam o John Peter Zenger trial o Sons of Liberty o Stamp Act Congress o Battle of Brooklyn o Nathan Hale o Battle of Harlem Heights o Congress of the Confederation o United States Bill of Rights o Commissioners' Plan o British occupation of New York o Ellis Island o September 11, 2001 o 1993 World Trade Center bombing o 1939 New York World's Fair o 1964 New York World's Fair o Draft riots o Blackout of 1977 o Crown Heights riot o Tammany Hall o Big Apple o NYC transportation o NYC Subway
Geography Manhattan o The Bronx o Brooklyn o Staten Island o Queens o New York Harbor o Hudson River o East River o Upper New York Bay o New York Bay o Lower Manhattan o Midtown Manhattan o Upper Manhattan o Long Island Sound o Bronx Kill o The Narrows o Newark Bay o Jamaica Bay o Governors Island
Buildings Empire State Building o Chrysler Building o Brooklyn Bridge o World Trade Center o Grand Central Terminal o Madison Square Garden o Yankee Stadium o Citi Field o Times Square o South Street Seaport o Statue of Liberty o Grant's Tomb o Headquarters of the United Nations o St. Patrick's Cathedral o Radio City Music Hall o One World Trade Center o Rockefeller Center o Cathedral of St. John the Divine o Lever House o Carnegie Hall o Gracie Mansion o City Hall o Plaza Hotel o Macy's o Penn Station o Condé Nast Building o Citigroup Center o MetLife Building o Woolworth Building o Trump Tower o Flatiron Building o 30 Rockefeller Plaza o 28 Liberty Street o Goldman Sachs Building o Waldorf Astoria New York
Transport New York City Subway o IRT o BMT o IND o Staten Island Ferry o NYC Ferry o Yellow taxis o Green taxis o AirTrain JFK o AirTrain Newark o JFK Airport o LaGuardia Airport o Newark Liberty International Airport o Port Authority o NJ Transit o MTA o Staten Island Railway o PATH o Triborough Bridge o Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel o Queens-Midtown Tunnel o Bronx-Whitestone Bridge o Throgs Neck Bridge o Holland Tunnel o Lincoln Tunnel o George Washington Bridge o Williamsburg Bridge o Manhattan Bridge o Brooklyn Bridge o Pulaski Skyway o Teterboro Airport o New Jersey Turnpike
Economy New York Stock Exchange o Wall Street o Port Newark-Elizabeth o NASDAQ o NYSE American o New York Mercantile Exchange o New York Board of Trade o Madison Avenue o Fifth Avenue
Education New York University o Columbia University o CUNY o Cooper Union o FIT o Fordham University o The New School o Juilliard o Pace University o Pratt Institute o SVA o Manhattan College o St. John's University
Civic Mayor o NYPD o FDNY o NYCEM o City Council o Civil Court o Criminal Court o Supreme Court o Appellate Division o Transit Authority o Transit Police o Highway Patrol o Auxiliary Police o Department of Parks and Recreation
Culture Broadway theatre o Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade o Mets o Yankees o Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts o Museum Mile o The Cloisters o Carnegie Hall o Whitney Museum o Metropolitan Museum of Art o International Center of Photography o New York Public Library o Queens Public Library o Brooklyn Public Library o Lincoln Center o New York Hall of Science o Metropolitan Opera o New York Philharmonic
Parks and grounds Battery Park o Bowling Green o Bronx Zoo o Central Park o Clay Pit Ponds State Park Preserve o Coney Island o New York Botanical Garden o Flushing Meadows o Gateway National Recreation Area o Greenbelt o Highbridge Park o High Line o Inwood Hill Park o Pelham Bay Park o Prospect Park o Riverside Park o Van Cortlandt Park
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