Portal:United States Marine Corps

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The United States Marine Corps portal

Emblem of the United States Marine Corps

The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy. The U.S. Marine Corps is one of the four armed service branches in the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.

The Marine Corps has been a component of the U.S. Department of the Navy since 30 June 1834, working closely with naval forces. The USMC operates installations on land and aboard sea-going amphibious warfare ships around the world. Additionally, several of the Marines' tactical aviation squadrons, primarily Marine Fighter Attack squadrons, are also embedded in Navy carrier air wings and operate from the aircraft carriers.

The history of the Marine Corps began when two battalions of Continental Marines were formed on 10 November 1775 in Philadelphia as a service branch of infantry troops capable of fighting both at sea and on shore. In the Pacific theater of World War II the Corps took the lead in a massive campaign of amphibious warfare, advancing from island to island. As of 2017, the USMC has around 186,000 active duty members and some 38,500 reserve Marines. It is the smallest U.S. military service within the DoD.

This month in USMC history

Did you know...?

  • ... Sergeant Faustin E. Wirkus was crowned king of La Gonâve, an Island in Haiti, in 1926 and ruled until his detachment returned home in 1929. As king, Faustin made many reforms on the island and his rule was noted as a "peaceful and flourishing time."
  • ... the term "Leatherneck" for a Marine came from 1798, when the Marine Corps began issuing "one stock of black leather and clasp" to Marines. The band of leather was used to protect the neck when fighting with swords.
  • ... Archibald Henderson, the Grand Old Man of the Marine Corps, established the idea of the Marines as "ready to fight", however, in his time, fighting units were formed by gathering up Marines from Navy ships and shore stations.
  • ... Until 1900, the size of the Corps had never exceeded 3,000 Marines and had been armed almost entirely with rifles.
  • ... before "Semper Fidelis" became the Marine Corps official motto in 1883, there were three unofficial mottos: "By Sea and by Land," "Fortitudine," and "To the shores of Tripoli."
  • ... Marine Corps pilots are now flying more flight hours per pilot than the U.S. Air Force Pilots. See Marine Corps Times Feb 15, 2018
  • ... Overcoming nerve damage to his hand from the Battle of Iwo Jima, in 1992, Colonel Charles Waterhouse became the only Marine to receive the title "USMC Artist-in-Residence".
  • ... Sergeant Reckless, a war horse for 5th Marines made 51 trips to haul ammo for the recoilless rifle section during Battle for Outpost Vegas of the Korean War and was wounded twice in battle.
  • ... 5th Marines is the only Marine regiment to fight in every major war since World War I and is the most highly decorated regiment in the Marine Corps.

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John F. Bolt 1943.jpg

John F. Bolt (1921 - 2004) was a naval aviator and flying ace who served in the United States Marine Corps during World War II and the Korean War. He remains the only U.S. Marine to achieve ace status in two wars and was also the only Marine jet fighter ace. He rose to the rank of lieutenant colonel during his military career (1941-1962), earning the Navy Cross, three Distinguished Flying Crosses, and 2 Air Medals. After the Korean War, he served as an analyst and instructor. After retiring from the Marine Corps, he earned a Juris Doctor degree from the University of Florida and began a private real estate law practice; he continued to be active in law until 1991.

Selected quote

"The center of gravity of the Marine Corps is its people, and the American people trust us with this precious resource - their sons and daughters. Our core values of honor, courage, and commitment are engrained in our culture. Marine leaders have a moral obligation to ensure the health and welfare of the Nation's Marines from the day they commit to serve. We take this responsibility seriously and strive to maintain the trust and confidence of Congress and the American people. Taking care of Marines and their families is a key element of overall readiness, combat effectiveness, and warfighting."

~ 2018 USMC Posture Statement, CMC Gen Robert B Neller

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  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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