Portal:United States Marine Corps

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The United States Marine Corps portal

Emblem of the United States Marine Corps

The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting expeditionary and amphibious operations with the United States Navy as well as the Army and Air Force. The U.S. Marine Corps is one of the four armed service branches in the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.

The Marine Corps has been a component of the U.S. Department of the Navy since 30 June 1834, working closely with naval forces. The USMC operates installations on land and aboard sea-going amphibious warfare ships around the world. Additionally, several of the Marines' tactical aviation squadrons, primarily Marine Fighter Attack squadrons, are also embedded in Navy carrier air wings and operate from the aircraft carriers.

The history of the Marine Corps began when two battalions of Continental Marines were formed on 10 November 1775 in Philadelphia as a service branch of infantry troops capable of fighting both at sea and on shore. In the Pacific theater of World War II the Corps took the lead in a massive campaign of amphibious warfare, advancing from island to island. As of 2017, the USMC has around 186,000 active duty members and some 38,500 reserve Marines. It is the smallest U.S. military service within the DoD.

This month in USMC history

Did you know...?

  • ... Phil and Don Everly of the music duet The Everly Brothers both served in the Marines.
  • ... Sergeant Faustin E. Wirkus was crowned king of La Gonâve, an Island in Haiti, in 1926 and ruled until his detachment returned home in 1929. As king, Faustin made many reforms on the island and his rule was noted as a "peaceful and flourishing time."
  • ... the term "Leatherneck" for a Marine came from 1798, when the Marine Corps began issuing "one stock of black leather and clasp" to Marines. The band of leather was used to protect the neck when fighting with swords.
  • ... Archibald Henderson, the Grand Old Man of the Marine Corps, established the idea of the Marines as "ready to fight", however, in his time, fighting units were formed by gathering up Marines from Navy ships and shore stations.
  • ... Until 1900, the size of the Corps had never exceeded 3,000 Marines and had been armed almost entirely with rifles.
  • ... before "Semper Fidelis" became the Marine Corps official motto in 1883, there were three unofficial mottos: "By Sea and by Land," "Fortitudine," and "To the shores of Tripoli."
  • ... Marine Corps pilots are now flying more flight hours per pilot than the U.S. Air Force Pilots. See Marine Corps Times Feb 15, 2018
  • ... Overcoming nerve damage to his hand from the Battle of Iwo Jima, in 1992, Colonel Charles Waterhouse became the only Marine to receive the title "USMC Artist-in-Residence".

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John Philip Sousa was a member of the United States Marine Band as an apprentice at age 13 for 7 years, and would return in 1880 as the band's leader and conductor for 12 years. Also a popular composer, he wrote recognizable marches such as "Stars and Stripes Forever", "Semper Fidelis", "The Washington Post", and "U.S. Field Artillery".

Selected quote

"Marines are trained to be victorious on all fronts. Whether this means they are leading a mission on the battlefield or fighting battles within, Marines are equipped to succeed and overcome against all challenges. Many Marines take their leadership qualities from the Corps and apply them to bettering their local communities--inspiring and guiding those who know them best, their families, friends and neighbors."

~ Once a Marine, Always a Marine, marines.com

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  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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