Qualitative Marketing Research

Qualitative marketing research involves a natural or observational abnormal pangit examination of the philosophies that govern consumer behavior. The direction and framework of the research is often revised as new information is gained, allowing the researcher to evaluate issues and subjects in an in-depth manner. The quality of the research produced is heavily dependent on the skills of the researcher and is easily influenced by researcher bias.

Data collection

Qualitative marketing researchers collect data ranging from focus group, case study, participation observation, innovation game and individual depth interview.

Focus group

The focus group is marketing research technique for qualitative data that involves a small group of people (6-10) that share a common set characteristics (demographics, attitudes, etc.) and participate in a discussion of predetermined topics led by a moderator. There are opportunities to conduct focus groups with the use of focus group software.[1] There are many types of focus group as well, but they always involve discussion among the group(s). The problem of the focus group is the issue of observer dependency: the results obtained are influenced by the researcher or his own reading of the group's discussion, raising questions of validity. Non-verbal cues, which may contradict the views participants articulate, are important and can easily be missed if the researcher is not familiar with visual cues, body language and other non verbal cues.[2]

Qualitative case study

Qualitative case study methodology provides tools for researchers to study complex phenomena within their contexts. Because it only studies one case, so it is very up-close, in-depth. It contains high levels of internal validity (the extent to which one is able to say that no other variables except the one being studied caused the result), but the external validity is low. Customer behaviour is a good example for qualitative market research.

Participation observation

Participation observation is watching participants' behavior in real world settings without trying to manipulate their actions.[3] This method is high in external validity but low in internal validity.

Innovation game

Innovation game refers to a form of primary market research developed by Luke Hohmann where customers play a set of directed games as a means of generating feedback about a product or service. A facilitator explains the game(s) to be played and controls the paces, monitors the participants' levels and manages the time. There are many types of innovation games, such as 20/20 vision, me and my shadow, and buy a feature.

Individual depth interviews

By doing individual depth interviews, one can get unique points from each respondent, and their answers will not be influenced by other people as in a focus group.

Uses

Qualitative market research is often part of survey methodology, including telephone surveys and consumer satisfaction surveys. We apply the qualitative market research when:

  • New product idea generation and development
  • Investigating current or potential product/service/brand positioning and marketing strategy
  • Strengths and weaknesses of products/brands
  • Understanding dynamics of purchase decision dynamics
  • Studying reactions to advertising and public relations campaigns, other marketing communications, graphic identity/branding, package design, etc.
  • Exploring market segments, such as demographic and customer groups
  • Assessing the usability of websites or other interactive products or services
  • Understanding perceptions of a company, brand, category and product[4]

Typical general procedure

  1. setting the question
  2. deciding the objectives
  3. planning research design[5]
  4. select data collection techniques
  5. sample design
  6. data collection
  7. analysis
  8. do the report[6]

Advantages

  • More detailed and in-depth questions
  • Reduced cost, since the scale of this kind of research is small
  • Discovering the "why" behind certain behaviors[7]
  • Quick turnaround: the direction of the research can be changed easily

Disadvantages

  • Issues on confidentiality and anonymity can pose problems during presentation of findings.
  • If researcher do not have enough skills such as communication skill, the quality of research is likely to be low.
  • The sample size is relatively small, the result may not be very accurate.
  • Qualitative research produces large amounts which requires a tremendous amount of work and labor on the part of the researcher.[8]

Vs. quantitative marketing research

Objective

Qualitative research is usually aimed to have an inside look about opinions or motivations, while quantitative research uses data to simplify the result.

Sample

Qualitative research usually has a smaller sample size than quantitative research due to the complexity of its data.

Data collection

Qualitative research usually uses unstructured or semi-structured techniques to collect data, e.g. individual depth interviews or group discussions, while quantitative research only uses structured techniques such as online questionnaires, on-street or telephone interviews.

Outcome

The outcomes of qualitative marketing research are usually conclusive and cannot be used to make generalizations about the population of interest, instead developing an initial understanding and sound base for further decision making. The findings of quantitative marketing research are conclusive and usually descriptive in nature.[9]

Data analysis

Coding

Coding is an interpretive technique that both organizes the data and provides a means to introduce the interpretations of it into certain quantitative methods.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Focus Group | Marketing Research Association". www.marketingresearch.org. Retrieved . 
  2. ^ "Top Tips for Getting Great Information from Your Focus Groups [INFOGRAPHIC]". Insights In Marketing. Retrieved . 
  3. ^ Lilienfeld, Scott O.; Steven J. Lynn; Laura L. Namy; Nancy J. Woolf (2013). Psychology: From Inquiry to Understanding. Pearson. ISBN 978-0-205-95998-3. 
  4. ^ "When to Use Qualitative Research - Qualitative Research Consultants Association". www.qrca.org. Retrieved . 
  5. ^ "7 Stages or Steps Involved in Marketing Research Process". YourArticleLibrary.com: The Next Generation Library. Retrieved . 
  6. ^ "Marketing Research Process: 9 Stages to Marketing Research Success - Qualtrics". Qualtrics. Retrieved . 
  7. ^ "The Advantages of Qualitative Research | Marketing Research Company | SmartPoint Research". smartpointresearch.com. Retrieved . 
  8. ^ "What Are the Disadvantages of Qualitative Measurements When Doing Marketing Research?". Small Business - Chron.com. Retrieved . 
  9. ^ "Qualitative vs Quantitative Research » Snap Surveys". » Snap Surveys. Retrieved . 

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.


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