|Sir Rob Lockhart|
23 June 1893|
Beith, North Ayrshire, Scotland
|Died||11 September 1981|
|Service/||British Indian Army|
|Years of service||1913-1948, 1951-1952|
1st Battalion, 12th Frontier Force Regiment|
Southern Command, India
First World War|
Second World War
Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath|
Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire
General Sir Robert McGregor MacDonald Lockhart KCB CIE MC (23 June 1893 - 11 September 1981) was a senior British Army officer during the Second World War and later a leading member of the Scout Association.
Lockhart was born in Beith, North Ayrshire, Scotland, the son of Robert Bruce Lockhart, the first headmaster of Spier's School, Beith. His mother was Florence Stuart Macgregor, while other ancestors included Bruces, Hamiltons, Cummings, Wallaces and Douglases. His brother, the writer R. H. Bruce Lockhart, claimed that "There is no drop of English blood in my veins." Another brother, J. H. Bruce Lockhart, was headmaster of Sedbergh School, while his nephews Rab Bruce Lockhart and Logie Bruce Lockhart went on to become headmasters of Loretto and Gresham's. Another nephew, J. M. Bruce Lockhart, was an intelligence officer.
Lockhart was born 23 June 1893 and educated at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, and was commissioned onto the Unattached List for the Indian Army as a second lieutenant on 22 January 1913. He joined the 51st Sikhs on 8 March 1914 and in the First World War served in Egypt, Aden, and Mesopotamia. He was promoted to lieutenant on 22 April 1915, to acting captain on 13 April 1916, again on 7 October 1916, and to captain on 22 January 1917. On 1 January 1918 he was awarded the Military Cross.
Attending the Staff College, Camberley from 1926 to 1927, he was promoted to major 22 January 1931, Lockhart was brevetted as a lieutenant-colonel on 1 January 1933 and appointed as military attache to the Kingdom of Afghanistan from 10 March 1934 to 1 December 1935. He was Promoted to lieutenant-colonel on 8 November 1936, and was given command of the 1st battalion, the 12th Frontier Force Regiment. He was promoted to colonel on 1 February 1939 (with seniority from 1 January 1936), and appointed Deputy Director of Staff Duties in the India Office. from 1 February 1939 to 19 December 1939.
Promoted to temporary brigadier on 20 December 1939, Lockhart served in the Second World War as Director of Staff Duties in the India Office from 20 December 1939 to 14 December 1941, when he became Military Secretary to the India Office, a position he filled until 9 July 1943. He was promoted to acting major-general on 28 April 1941, to temporary major-general on 28 April 1942, and to the permanent rank of major-general on 24 October 1942. Promoted to acting lieutenant-general on 15 April 1945, he was appointed General Officer Commanding Southern Command in India that year, and was promoted to lieutenant-general on 23 November (with seniority from 3 April 1944). On 19 June 1947, with the independence of India and Pakistan imminent, he was appointed as acting Governor of the North West Frontier Province.
On 15 August 1947, the day India became independent, Lockhart was appointed as Commander-in-Chief, Indian Army, with the acting rank of general. He was promoted to general on 1 September (with seniority from 1 July 1945). He retired on 1 October 1948. He was recalled to British forces as Director of Operations during the Malaya Emergency between 1951 and 1952.
Retiring in 1951, he served as deputy chief scout for the Boy Scouts Association from 1951 to 1961. He also served on the World Scout Committee of the World Organization of the Scout Movement from 1953 to 1959, and in 1961 was awarded the Bronze Wolf Award, the only distinction of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, awarded by the World Scout Committee for exceptional services to world Scouting.
Sir Sydney Muspratt
| Military Secretary to the India Office
Sir Noel Beresford-Peirse
| GOC-in-C, Southern Command, India
1945 – 1947
Replaced the Chief of the General Staff (India)
| Commander-in-Chief, Indian Army
Sir Roy Bucher
Sir Olaf Kirkpatrick Caroe
| Governor of the North-West Frontier Province
Sir George Cunningham
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