Smart TV
A smart TV displaying content from a museum website; unlike traditional TVs, a smart TV enables the viewer to interact with icons or images on the screen. For example, on a museum website, viewers can "click" on items depicted onscreen to learn more about them.

A smart TV, sometimes referred to as connected TV or hybrid TV, is a television set with integrated Internet and interactive "Web 2.0" features. Smart TV is a technological convergence between computers and flatscreen television sets and set-top boxes. Besides the traditional functions of television sets and set-top boxes provided through traditional broadcasting media, these devices can also provide Internet TV, online interactive media, over-the-top content (OTT), as well as on-demand streaming media, and home networking access.[1][2][3]

Smart TV should not be confused with Internet TV, IPTV or with Web TV. Internet TV refers to receiving television content over the Internet instead of traditional systems (terrestrial, cable and satellite) (although Internet itself is received by these methods). Internet Protocol television (IPTV) is one of the Internet television technology standards for use by television broadcasters. Web television is a term used for programs created by a wide variety of companies and individuals for broadcast on Internet TV.

In smart TVs, the operating system is preloaded or is available through the set-top box. The software applications or "apps" can be preloaded into the device, or updated or installed on demand via an app store or app marketplace, in a similar manner to how the apps are integrated in modern smartphones.[4][5][6][7][8]

The technology that enables smart TVs is also incorporated in external devices such as set-top boxes and some Blu-ray players, game consoles, digital media players, hotel television systems, smartphones, and other network-connected interactive devices that utilize television-type display outputs.[9][10] These devices allow viewers to find and play videos, movies, TV shows, photos and other content from the Web, cable or satellite TV channel, or from a local storage device.

Background

In the early 1980s, "intelligent" television receivers were introduced in Japan. The addition of an LSI chip with memory and a character generator to a television receiver enabled Japanese viewers to receive a mix of programming and information transmitted over spare lines of the broadcast television signal.[11] A patent was published in 1994[12] (and extended the following year)[13] for an "intelligent" television system, linked with data processing systems, by means of a digital or analog network. Apart from being linked to data networks, one key point is its ability to automatically download necessary software routines, according to a user's demand, and process their needs. The mass acceptance of digital television in late 2000s and early 2010s greatly improved smart TVs. Major TV manufacturers have announced production of smart TVs only, for their middle-end to high-end TVs in 2015.[14][15][16] Smart TVs are expected to become the dominant form of television by the late 2010s. At the beginning of 2016, Nielsen reported that 29 percent of those with incomes over $75,000 a year had a smart TV.[17]

Definition

Smart TVs on display

A smart TV device is either a television set with integrated Internet capabilities or a set-top box for television that offers more advanced computing ability and connectivity than a contemporary basic television set. Smart TVs may be thought of as an information appliance or the computer system from a handheld computer integrated within a television set unit, as such a smart TV often allows the user to install and run more advanced applications or plugins/addons based on a specific platform. Smart TVs run a complete operating system or mobile operating system software providing a platform for application developers.[1][18][19]

Smart TV platforms or middleware have a public Software development kit (SDK) and/or Native development kit (NDK) for apps so that third-party developers can develop applications for it, and an app store so that the end-users can install and uninstall apps themselves. The public SDK enables third-party companies and other interactive application developers to "write" applications once and see them run successfully on any device that supports the smart TV platform or middleware architecture which it was written for, no matter who the hardware manufacturer is.

Smart TVs deliver content (such as photos, movies and music) from other computers or network attached storage devices on a network using either a Digital Living Network Alliance / Universal Plug and Play media server or similar service program like Windows Media Player or Network-attached storage (NAS), or via iTunes. It also provides access to Internet-based services including traditional broadcast TV channels, catch-up services, video-on-demand (VOD), electronic program guide, interactive advertising, personalisation, voting, games, social networking, and other multimedia applications.[20] Smart TV enables access to movies, shows, video games, apps and more. Some of those apps include Netflix, Spotify, YouTube, and Amazon.[21]

Functions

Smart TV devices also provide access to user-generated content (either stored on an external hard drive or in cloud storage) and to interactive services and Internet applications, such as YouTube, many using HTTP Live Streaming (also known as HLS) adaptive streaming.[22] Smart TV devices facilitate the curation of traditional content by combining information from the Internet with content from TV providers. Services offer users a means to track and receive reminders about shows[23] or sporting events,[24] as well as the ability to change channels for immediate viewing. Some devices feature additional interactive organic user interface / natural user interface technologies for navigation controls and other human interaction with a Smart TV, with such as second screen companion devices,[25][26] spatial gestures input like with Xbox Kinect,[27][28] and even for speech recognition for natural language user interface.[29]

Features

LG Smart Tv using the web browser.

Smart TV develops new features to satisfy consumers and companies, such as new payment processes. LG and PaymentWall have collaborated to allow consumers to access purchased apps, movies, games, and more using a remote control, laptop, tablet, or smartphone. This is intended for an easier and more convenient way for checkout.

Technology

Platforms

Smart TV technology and software is still evolving, with both proprietary and open source software frameworks already available. These can run applications (sometimes available via an 'app store' digital distribution platform), interactive on-demand media, personalized communications, and have social networking features.[30][31][32][33]

There are many Smart TV platforms used for individual purposes. Smart TV owners desire the most successful platform possible for their Smart TV. For this reason, platforms are ranked from best to worst. HbbTV, provided by the Hybrid Broadcast Broadband TV association, CE-HTML, part of Web4CE, OIPF, part of HbbTV, and Tru2way are framework platforms managed by technology businesses.

Android TV, Boxee, Firefox OS, Frog, Google TV, Horizon TV, httvLink, Inview, Kodi Entertainment Center, MeeGo, Mediaroom, OpenTV, Opera TV, Plex, Roku, RDK, which is Reference Development Kit, Smart TV Alliance, ToFu Media Platform, Ubuntu TV, and Yahoo! GoTV are framework platforms managed by individual companies.

Current Smart TV platforms used by vendors are Amazon, Apple, Google, Haier, Hisense, Hitachi, Insigna, LG, Microsoft, Netgear, Panasonic, Philips, Samsung, Sharp, Sony, TCL, TiVO, Toshiba, Sling Media, and Western Digital. Sony, Panasonic, Samsung, LG, and Roku TV are some platforms ranked under the best Smart TV platforms.[34]

Social networking

Some smart TV platforms come prepackaged, or can be optionally extended, with social networking technology capabilities. The addition of social networking synchronization to smart TV and HTPC platforms may provide an interaction with both on-screen content and other viewers than is currently available to most televisions, while simultaneously providing a much more cinematic experience of the content than is currently available with most computers.[35]

Advertising

Some smart TV platforms also support interactive advertising, addressable advertising with local advertising insertion and targeted advertising,[36] and other advanced advertising features such as ad telescoping[37] using VOD and DVR, enhanced TV for consumer call-to-action and audience measurement solutions for ad campaign effectiveness.[38][39] The marketing and trading possibilities offered by Smart TVs are sometimes summarized by the term t-commerce. Taken together, this bidirectional data flow means that smart TVs can be and are used for clandestine observation of the owners.[40] Even in sets that are not configured off-the-shelf to do so, default security measures are often weak and will allow hackers to easily break into the TV.[41]

Security and privacy

There is evidence that a smart TV is vulnerable to attacks. Some serious security bugs have been discovered, and some successful attempts to run malicious code to get unauthorized access were documented on video. There is evidence that it is possible to gain root access to the device, install malicious software, access and modify configuration information for a remote control, remotely access and modify files on TV and attached USB drives, access camera and microphone.[42] There have also been concerns that hackers may be able to remotely turn on the microphone on a smart TV and be able to eavesdrop on private conversations.

Anticipating growing demand for an antivirus for a smart TV, some security software companies are already working with partners in digital TV field on the solution. At this moment it seems like there is only one antivirus for smart TVs available. Ocean Blue Software partnered with Sophos and developed first cloud based antimalware system "Neptune". Also antivirus company Avira has joined forces with digital TV testing company Labwise to work on the software that would protect against potential attacks.[43] The privacy policy for Samsung's Smart TVs has been called Orwellian (a reference to George Orwell and the dystopian world of constant surveillance he depicted in 1984), and compared to Telescreens because of eavesdropping concerns.[44][45]

Hackers have misused Smart TV's abilities such as operating source codes for applications and its unsecured connection to the Internet. Passwords, IP address data, and credit card information can be accessed by hackers and even companies for advertisement. A company caught in the act is Vizio. Fortunately, there are a number of ways to stop or prevent this, which are unsubscribing from Vizio, updating and installing firmware and latest patches, checking manual, features, and settings, using a smartphone device or computer in place of bank-related activities, downloading security apps, setting up individual networks, not using the camera, not checking messages, being cautious when browsing, using Smart TV strictly for entertainment and disconnecting from the Internet if it is not in use, and lastly contacting the manufacturer for help or further information.

Reliability

High-end Samsung Smart TVs stopped working for at least seven days after a software update.[46]

Restriction of access

Internet websites can block smart TV access to content at will, or tailor the content that will be received by each platform.[47]Google TV-enabled devices were blocked by NBC, ABC, CBS, and Hulu from accessing their Web content since the launch of Google TV in October 2010. Google TV devices were also blocked from accessing any programs offered by Viacom's subsidiaries.[48]

Market share

According to a report from research group NPD In-Stat, in 2012 only about 12 million U.S. households had their Web-capable TVs connected to the Internet, although an estimated 25 million households owned a set with the built-in network capability. In-Stat predicted that by 2016, 100 million homes in North America and western Europe would be using television sets blending traditional programming with internet content.[49]

The number of households using over-the-top television services has rapidly increased over the years. In 2015, 52% of U.S. households subscribed to Netflix, Amazon Prime, or Hulu Plus; 43% of pay-TV subscribers also used Netflix, and 43% of adults used some streaming video on demand service at least monthly. Additionally, 19% of Netflix subscribers shared their subscription with people outside of their households. Ten percent of adults at the time showed interest in HBO Now.[50]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Steve Kovach (December 8, 2010). "What Is A Smart TV?". Businessinsider.com. Retrieved 2012. 
  2. ^ Jeremy Toeman 41 (October 20, 2010). "Why Connected TVs Will Be About the Content, Not the Apps". Mashable.com. Retrieved 2012. 
  3. ^ Sunday, October 24, 2010 (October 24, 2010). "Internet TV and The Death of Cable TV, really". Techcrunch.com. Retrieved 2012. 
  4. ^ "Smart TV competition heats up market". Asianewsnet.net. Retrieved 2012. 
  5. ^ "Smart TV Shower Opens Smart Life". Koreaittimes.com. October 7, 2010. Retrieved 2012. 
  6. ^ Chacksfield, Marc (May 12, 2010). "Intel: Smart TV revolution 'biggest since move to colour' - The wonders of widgets?". Techradar.com. Retrieved 2012. 
  7. ^ "Google, With Intel and Sony, Unveils Software for 'Smart' TVs". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. May 20, 2010. Retrieved 2012. 
  8. ^ Katzmaier, David (September 8, 2010). "Poll: Smart TV or dumb monitor?". News.cnet.com. Retrieved 2012. 
  9. ^ Intel and Smart TV. intel.com. Retrieved on November 11, 2010.
  10. ^ "Roku 2: Same Old (But Still Good), Same Old". Gizmodo.com. August 4, 2011. Retrieved 2012. 
  11. ^ Gene Gregory (1985), Japanese Electronics Technology, Enterprise and Innovation, page 351, Japan Times
  12. ^ "espacenet - Original document". Worldwide.espacenet.com. Retrieved 2012. 
  13. ^ "espacenet - Bibliographic data". Worldwide.espacenet.com. Retrieved 2012. 
  14. ^ Dieter Bohn. "All of Sony's new smart TVs run on Android TV". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved 2015. 
  15. ^ "CES 2015: New Samsung Smart TVs Will Be Powered by Tizen OS". Tech Times. Retrieved 2015. 
  16. ^ "LG to show off webOS 2.0 smart TV at CES 2015". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2015. 
  17. ^ Winslow, George (January 4, 2016). "CES 2016: Five Things to Watch". Broadcasting & Cable: 10-14. 
  18. ^ Previous post Next post (September 7, 2010). "Android Holds the Key to Samsung's Smart TV Plans". Wired. Retrieved 2012. 
  19. ^ Previous post Next post (May 20, 2010). "Google Introduces Google TV, New Android OS". Wired. Retrieved 2012. 
  20. ^ "A first look at Google TV's new apps". Gigaom.com. September 15, 2011. Retrieved 2012. 
  21. ^ "Samsung Smart TV - TV Has Never Been This Smart". Samsung Electronics America. Retrieved . 
  22. ^ "Netgear unveils NeoTV Streaming Player, takes another shot at the smart TV market". Engadget.com. Retrieved 2012. 
  23. ^ "BuddyTV debuts Google TV app, with iPad and iPhone link". GeekWire. October 28, 2011. Retrieved 2012. 
  24. ^ "Thuuz Android App for Google TV Gives DISH Customers Instant Alerts of Most Exciting Moments in Sports". Bloomberg. January 8, 2012. Retrieved 2012. 
  25. ^ https://techcrunch.com/2012/06/04/microsoft-introduces-second-screen-feature-xbox-smartglass/ Microsoft Introduces Second-Screen Feature, Xbox SmartGlass
  26. ^ http://mashable.com/2012/06/04/xbox-smartglass/ Xbox SmartGlass Brings the Second Screen to Games and Videos
  27. ^ Robinson, Blake (2010-11-04). "Last.fm Gesture Controls for Xbox Kinect". Mashable.com. Retrieved . 
  28. ^ Narcisse, Evan (2011-12-08). "Wave Hello: Microsoft's Requiring Kinect Functionality for All Future Apps Built for Xbox 360". Kotaku.com. Retrieved . 
  29. ^ http://appleinsider.com/articles/13/01/10/2013-smart-tvs-dismissed-as-not-that-smart-leaving-opportunity-for-apple 2013 smart TVs dismissed as 'not that smart,' leaving opportunity for Apple
  30. ^ Devindra Hardawar (December 8, 2010). "Why your TV is the new app battleground". Venturebeat.com. Retrieved 2012. 
  31. ^ BBC News - Google launches smart TV service. bbc.co.uk (2010-05-20). Retrieved on November 11, 2010.
  32. ^ Stan Schroeder 230 (May 17, 2010). "Google, Intel and Sony to Introduce Smart TV". Mashable.com. Retrieved 2012. 
  33. ^ "Opinion: Will Google's Smart TV Finally Bring Apps and Web Browsing To The Living Room?". Socialtimes.com. May 17, 2010. Retrieved 2012. 
  34. ^ "The 5 best Smart TV platforms in the world 2016". TechRadar. Retrieved . 
  35. ^ "TVs get smart with Internet access in 2011". Abc15.com. August 23, 2010. Retrieved 2012. 
  36. ^ Daniel Cooper. "Sky's AdSmart brings targeted advertising to your TV". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved 2015. 
  37. ^ "Ad Telescoping". Retrieved 2015. 
  38. ^ "Nagra and Sigma partnered on advanced advertising" October 3, 2011 - Cheseaux, Switzerland, and Toronto, Canada
  39. ^ ""NAGRA-OpenTV and Time Warner Cable Media Extend Advanced Advertising Partnership" March 5, 2012 - Cheseaux, Switzerland". Retrieved 2016. 
  40. ^ "Is your TV spying on YOU?". 
  41. ^ "Your Smart TV Could Be Hacked to Spy On You". 
  42. ^ Niemietz; et al. "Not so Smart: On Smart TV Apps" (PDF). International Workshop on Secure Internet of Things. Retrieved 2015. 
  43. ^ "CAN YOUR SMART TV GET A VIRUS?". 
  44. ^ "Samsung smart TV policy allows company to listen in on users". The Independent. Feb 9, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  45. ^ Not in front of the telly: Warning over 'listening' TV BBC News, 2015
  46. ^ "Samsung TV owners furious after software update leaves sets unusable". The Guardian. Aug 24, 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  47. ^ "Big Networks Block Web Shows From Google TV". New York Times. October 21, 2010. Retrieved 2010. 
  48. ^ "Comedy Central, MTV now blocking Google TV". CNET.com. November 22, 2010. Retrieved 2010. 
  49. ^ "100 Million TVs will have internet connections by 2016". 
  50. ^ "U.S. Connected-TV Penetration Passes 50% | Multichannel". www.multichannel.com. Retrieved . 

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.


Smart_TV



 
Connect with defaultLogic
What We've Done
Led Digital Marketing Efforts of Top 500 e-Retailers.
Worked with Top Brands at Leading Agencies.
Successfully Managed Over $50 million in Digital Ad Spend.
Developed Strategies and Processes that Enabled Brands to Grow During an Economic Downturn.
Taught Advanced Internet Marketing Strategies at the graduate level.



Manage research, learning and skills at defaultLogic. Create an account using LinkedIn or facebook to manage and organize your IT knowledge. defaultLogic works like a shopping cart for information -- helping you to save, discuss and share.


  Contact Us