Tata TL
Tata Telcoline
MHV Tatamobile 207 01.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Tata Motors
Also called Tatamobile 206
Tata Pick-Up
Tata 207 DI
Production 1988–present
Assembly Pune, India
Pekan, Pahang, Malaysia[1]
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door pick-up
4-door pick-up
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive
Platform Tata X2
Related Tata Sierra
Tata Estate
Tata Sumo
Tata Safari
Powertrain
Engine 2.0L Peugeot XD88 diesel I4
2.2L Dicor diesel I4
3.0L diesel I4
3.0L Dicor diesel I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,825-3,150 mm (111.2-124.0 in)
Length 4,585-5,210 mm (180.5-205.1 in)
Width 1,700-1,810 mm (67-71 in)
Height 1,600-1,730 mm (63-68 in)
Curb weight 1,715-1,995 kg (3,781-4,398 lb)

Tata Telcoline is a pickup truck made by the Indian automaker Tata Motors since 1988. In India it was originally known as the Tatamobile 206 and from 2002 the name was changed in Tata 207 DI. In export market was sold as a Tatamobile or simply Tata Pick Up.

First generation (1988-present)

Introduced in July 1988, the Tatamobile 206 pick-up (original name used in India) was designed and engineering by Telco (Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company) and was the first light commercial vehicles launched by Tata Motors after the heavy duty Tata 407 (a vehicles based on Mercedes-Benz T2 design). Developed in two years[2] the pick up become immediately a great success, during the 1988-89 a total of 61,691 exemplars of Tatamobile was sold in India and 64,941 vehicles between 1989-1990. With the Tatamobile 206 the indian automaker acquired 25% of the market share in the light commercial vehicles segment. [3]

The Tatamobile 206 is a mid-size pick-up produced on a flexible body-on-frame chassis (called Tata X2 platform[4]) in both short wheelbase (single cab 2 seats) and long wheelbase (crew cab 5 seats) with rear or four wheel drive: the 4WD version have a more height from the ground a for better off-road use. On the same X2 platform Tata Motors produced the compact 3-door SUV Tata Sierra (launched in 1991), the 5-door wagon Tata Estate and the 5-door SUV Safari, Sumo and Spacio. Originally in India was powered by a naturally aspirated 2,0 litre (1.948 cc) diesel Peugeot XD88 engine (assembly under license by Tata in India) that produced 63 HP, in 1994 a re-engineering turbocharged version of 2,0 litre Peugeot was added that produced 92 HP.

In 1990 Tata start the export of the Tatamobile in South Africa with the name Telcoline and in 1994 Tata introduces a facelift on the indian market with the introduction of revised front lights and begins the export of the vehicle in Europe. In Italy was sold as a simply Tata Pick-Up in single and crew cab and two version: base and Orciari, a more equipped version created by Italian firm Orciari with two-tone paint, front bull-bar, alloy wheels, air conditioning and more refined interior. The engines available in Europe were the 2,0 litre Peugeot naturally aspirated (63 HP) and turbo (92 HP), with the Euro 3 emission standard the naturally aspirated version ends being produced and the power of turbo version reduced to 88 HP.[5]

2002 facelift

In august 2002 a more substantial facelift is introduced: new front and rear bumpers make their debut, new bonnet and front grille that houses the new Tata logo, moreover changes are made to the mechanics and the new 3,0 diesel engine is introduced (the same used in the Tata 407[6]). With the new engine Tata change the name in the indian market from Tatamobile to Tata 207 DI. The 3,0 litre (2956 cc) naturally aspirated produced 58 HP but have more torque then the previous 2,0 litre Peugeot, the turbocharged version produced 87 HP and was omologated Euro 4. [7]

In September 2003 a joint venture was signed between Tata Motors and Phoenix Venture Holdings (MG Rover group) for the distribution and sale of the Tata 207 DI in the United Kingdom.[8] In 2006 Tata introduce in the indian market the 207 DI EX,[9] a single cab version with flat load body and long wheelbase. In Europe was introduced the new 2,2 litre Dicor turbodiesel common rail engine that produce 140 horsepower.[10] The 2,2 litre was based on the design of the 2,179 litre PSA DW12 engine and reengineering by Tata and AVL. In 2007 export in Europe ended because Tata announced the new generation of TL (known as Xenon in Europe).

Production continue in India and for export in South Africa.

Second generation (2007-present)

Second generation
Tata Xenon.JPG
Overview
Also called Tata Xenon
Tata TL Sprint
Production 2007–present
Assembly Pune, India
Thonburi, Bangkok, Thailand
Bangchan, Bangkok, Thailand
Pekan, Pahang, Malaysia[11]
Body and chassis
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive
Platform Tata X2
Related Tata Sumo Grande
Powertrain
Engine 2.1L 16V CNG I4
2.2L Dicor diesel I4
3.0L Dicor diesel I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,850-3,150 mm (112-124 in)
Length 4,800-5,125 mm (189.0-201.8 in)
Width 1,860 mm (73 in)
Height 1,730-1,833 mm (68.1-72.2 in)
Curb weight 1,750-1,950 kg (3,860-4,300 lb)

Developed in 18 months the new generation of the Tata pickup uses an evolution of the previous body-on-frame X2 platform, revised above all in the suspension geometry, the body uses a higher percentage of high-strength steel. Given the success of the previous Telcoline, with the new series Tata realizes a product intended primarily for export in many countries including ASEAN, EMEA and Merconsur in fact is being equipped with double front airbags and security systems such as ABS, control traction and speed downhill. During the development phase it is called TL Sprint due to the reduced industrialization times. Following the launch, ESP stability control is also introduced for export.

2013 Tata Xenon 2.2 Dicor single cab

The presentation takes place in the form of a definitive prototype at the Bologna Motor Show in December 2006, the production starts in May 2007 at the Pune plant (India) and immediately begins sales in both India and Europe and South Africa. The final name chosen by Tata Motors is Xenon to avoid confusion with the previous Telcoline left in production.[12] In Europe it is equipped with the new 2.2 liter Dicor turbodiesel common rail Euro 4 delivering 140 horsepower and a 5-speed manual transmission.

In India its revised X2 platform also gives rise to the Tata Sumo Grande.

In 2012, with the introduction of the Euro 5 regulations in Europe the 2.2 Dicor engine was revised with the introduction of VGT, DPF filter and the power rises to 150 horsepower.[13][14]

In 2010 the pick up starts assembled in Thailand by Tata-Thonburi joint venture.[15] In 2011 the CNG version was launched in Thailand powered by a new 2,1 litre straight-4 DOHC engine with 115 HP.[16] A variant, Xenon XT (Cross Terrain) double cab 4-door, 5-seater was launched in 2009. The Xenon has been well received in Europe especially in Spain and Italy[17]

References

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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