|Industry||Finance and insurance|
|Predecessor||Tesco Personal Finance|
|Headquarters||Edinburgh, Scotland, UK|
|Benny Higgins, CEO|
|Products||Finance and insurance
|Revenue||£1.075 billion (2013/14)|
|£194.6 million (2013/14)|
|£8.605 billion (2013/14)|
Number of employees
|Footnotes / references
Tesco purchase of RBS stake completed 2008 Q4
Tesco Bank is a British retail bank which was formed in 1997, and which has been wholly owned by Tesco plc since 2008. The bank was formed as part of a 50:50 joint venture between The Royal Bank of Scotland and Tesco, the largest supermarket in the United Kingdom. Tesco later acquired Royal Bank of Scotland shareholding, which resulted in the bank becoming a wholly owned subsidiary, and now operates under its own banking licence under the Financial Services Compensation Scheme.
The bank offers a range of insurance, credit cards, loans, savings, mortgages and travel products, and launched a current account in June 2014. A unique selling point of Tesco's banking products is that the bank is able to leverage its large customer base to cross-sell financial services products, as customers can accumulate Tesco Clubcard points when they purchase finance products.
Prior to the formation of Tesco Personal Finance plc, Tesco had a banking joint venture with NatWest, which ended in February 1997. TPF was formed in July 1997 following the successful launch of Sainsbury's Bank by its main competitor, Sainsbury's. The bank was launched as a joint venture with the Royal Bank of Scotland, which processed all its financial transactions.
Subsidiary companies of the Royal Bank, such as Direct Line, UKI and Lombard Direct helped Tesco Personal Finance provide insurance products. In July 2008, Tesco announced that they were buying out the Royal Bank of Scotland's 50% stake in the company for £950 million, and the transaction was completed later that year. In October 2009, Tesco Personal Finance was renamed Tesco Bank.
Tesco Bank provides a range of personal accounts, including current accounts, mortgages, credit cards, loans, savings accounts, insurance and foreign currency exchange. Mortgages were added in August 2012, after briefly offering products provided by First Active in 2004. The bank confirmed in December 2013 that it planned to launch a current account, and the first account was launched on 10 June 2014.
The bank is registered in Scotland at 2 South Gyle Crescent, Edinburgh EH12 9FQ. While operating as a joint venture, the bank shared its registered office with RBS at St Andrew Square, Edinburgh. In July 2010, Tesco Bank opened two major offices at Quorum Business Park in Newcastle, and a larger one at Broadway One in Glasgow. Since then, there has also been an office opened in South Gyle, Edinburgh. Tesco Bank software is developed at its headquarters in Edinburgh, and also Bengaluru campus in the Indian state of Karnataka.
During 2009, Tesco initiated a plan to roll out in store branches, under the Tesco Bank branding. On 14 May 2016, Tesco Bank closed all three remaining branches, with a focus on being a completely online bank.
On 6 November 2016, British newspapers reported that customers of Tesco Bank were reporting that hundreds or in some cases thousands of pounds had been lost from their accounts, with some reporting unauthorised card transactions originating in Brazil.
The following day, the bank suspended online transactions, and made a statement saying up to 40,000 customers had been affected. Shares in the retails group fell 3% on the news. On Tuesday 8 November, the chief executive of the UK Financial Conduct Authority was asked for a summary of the issue by a Parliamentary committee and said of the attack that "There are elements of this that look unprecedented and it is serious, clearly".
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