Truncation

In mathematics and computer science, truncation is limiting the number of digits right of the decimal point.

## Truncation and floor function

Truncation of positive real numbers can be done using the floor function. Given a number ${\displaystyle x\in \mathbb {R} _{+}}$ to be truncated and ${\displaystyle n\in \mathbb {N} _{0}}$, the number of elements to be kept behind the decimal point, the truncated value of x is

${\displaystyle \operatorname {trunc} (x,n)={\frac {\lfloor 10^{n}\cdot x\rfloor }{10^{n}}}.}$

However, for negative numbers truncation does not round in the same direction as the floor function: truncation always rounds toward zero, the floor function rounds towards negative infinity. For a given number ${\displaystyle x\in \mathbb {R} _{-}}$, the function

${\displaystyle \operatorname {trunc} (x,n)={\frac {\lceil 10^{n}\cdot x\rceil }{10^{n}}}}$

## Causes of truncation

With computers, truncation can occur when a decimal number is typecast as an integer; it is truncated to zero decimal digits because integers cannot store non-integer real numbers.

## In algebra

An analogue of truncation can be applied to polynomials. In this case, the truncation of a polynomial P to degree n can be defined as the sum of all terms of P of degree n or less. Polynomial truncations arise in the study of Taylor polynomials, for example.[1]

## References

1. ^ Spivak, Michael (2008). Calculus (4th ed.). p. 434. ISBN 978-0-914098-91-1.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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