|United States Strategic Command|
The official seal of the United States Strategic Command.
|Active||1 June 1992 to present|
|Type||Functional Combatant Command|
|Role||Strategic deterrence, global strike, strategic warning, integrated missile defense, global C4ISR|
|Part of||Department of Defense|
|Headquarters||Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska, U.S.|
|Motto(s)||Peace is our Profession|
|General John E. Hyten, USAF|
United States Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM), is one of ten unified commands in the United States Department of Defense. Headquartered at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska, USSTRATCOM is responsible for strategic deterrence, global strike, and operating the Defense Department's Global Information Grid. It also provides a host of capabilities to support the other combatant commands, including strategic warning; integrated missile defense; and global command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (C4ISR). This dynamic command gives national leadership a unified resource for greater understanding of specific threats around the world and the means to respond to those threats rapidly.
USSTRATCOM employs tailored nuclear, cyber, space, global strike, joint electronic warfare, missile defense, and intelligence capabilities to deter aggression, decisively respond if deterrence fails, assure allies, shape adversary behavior, defeat terror, and define the force of the future.
U.S. Strategic Command's day-to-day planning and execution for the primary mission areas is done by the following USSTRATCOM components:
The Global Operations Center, or GOC, is the nerve center for USSTRATCOM. The GOC is responsible for the global situational awareness of the Commander, USSTRATCOM, and is the mechanism by which he exercises operational command and control of the Nation's global strategic forces.
U.S. Strategic Command's Airborne Command Post (ABNCP), also called "Looking Glass", allows USSTRATCOM the ability to command, control, and communicate with its nuclear forces should ground-based command centers become inoperable.
USSTRATCOM was originally formed in 1992, as a successor to Strategic Air Command in response to the end of the Cold War and a new vision of nuclear warfare in U.S. defense policy. Department of Defense changes in command structure due to the "Goldwater-Nichols Act" of 1986, led to a single command responsible for all strategic nuclear weapons. As a result, USSTRATCOM's principal mission was to deter military attack, and if deterrence failed, to counter with nuclear weapons.
Throughout its history, it has drawn from important contributions from many different organizations stretching back to World War II. Providing national leadership with a single command responsible for all strategic nuclear forces, General George Butler, in establishing the new command, borrowed from the work of General Curtis LeMay, an early commander of Strategic Air Command. LeMay was a very vocal advocate for a strong national defense, particularly as regards nuclear weapons.
Being a Unified Command, another major concern for Gen. Butler was interservice rivalry, having soldiers, sailors, airmen and marines in one command. There had been decades of rivalry between the branches of the U.S. military regarding control of nuclear weapons. Even though a compromise had established the Joint Strategic Target Planning Staff, there were systemic and institutional problems that could not be overcome.
USSTRATCOM was re-structured October 1, 2002 by Secretary of Defense, Donald Rumsfeld. It was now to merge with the United States Space Command and assume all duties for full-spectrum global strike, operational space support, integrated missile defense, and global Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (C4ISR) and specialized planning. Its duties now include intelligence and cyber support as well as monitoring orbiting satellites and space debris.
USSTRATCOM also supported United States Africa Command's 2011 military intervention in Libya in a variety of ways, including long-range conventional strikes and intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR).
An intention by the U.S. Air Force to create a 'cyber command' was announced in October 2006. On May 21, 2010, part of USSTRATCOM's responsibility regarding cyber-warfare operations was spun off into a 10th Unified Command, the United States Cyber Command. As a result, USSTRATCOM's Joint Task Force-Global Network Operations (JTF-GNO) and Joint Functional Component Command - Network Warfare (JFCC-NW) were disestablished.
|Photo||Name||Term Began||Term Ended|
|1.||General George L. Butler, USAF||June 1992||February 14, 1994|
|2.||Admiral Henry G. Chiles, Jr., USN||February 14, 1994||February 21, 1996|
|3.||General Eugene E. Habiger, USAF||February 21, 1996||August 1, 1998|
|4.||Admiral Richard W. Mies, USN||August 1, 1998||2002|
|5.||Admiral James O. Ellis, Jr., USN||2002||July 9, 2004|
|6.||General James E. Cartwright, USMC||July 9, 2004 (acting)
September 1, 2004
|August 10, 2007|
|Acting||Lt. Gen C. Robert Kehler, USAF||August 10, 2007||October 3, 2007|
|7.||General Kevin P. Chilton, USAF||October 3, 2007||January 28, 2011|
|8.||General C. Robert Kehler, USAF||January 28, 2011||November 15, 2013|
|9.||Admiral Cecil D. Haney, USN||November 15, 2013||November 3, 2016|
|10.||General John E. Hyten, USAF||November 3, 2016||Present|
In addition to the dramatic changes in the global landscape associated with the end of the Cold War, changes in the structure of the DoD stemming from the 1986 "Goldwater-Nichols Act" led national leaders to favor a single command responsible for all strategic nuclear forces. The new command's principal mission was to deter military attack, especially nuclear attack, on the United States and its allies and, if deterrence failed, to employ nuclear forces.
In 2011, it supported U.S. Africa Command's operations against Libya in a variety of ways, including long-range conventional strikes and ISR.
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