Virtue Party
Virtue Party
Fazilet Partisi
LeaderRecai Kutan (1997-2001)
Founder?smail Alptekin
Founded17 December 1997
Dissolved22 June 2001
Preceded byWelfare Party (RP)
Succeeded byFelicity Party (SP)
Justice and Development Party (AKP)
IdeologyMillî Görü?
Political positionFar-right
ReligionSunni Islam

Virtue Party (Turkish: Fazilet Partisi, FP) was an Islamist political party established in 17 December 1997 in Turkey. It was found unconstitutional by the Constitutional Court and then banned on 22 June 2001 for violating the secularist articles of the Constitution.[1][2] After the party's ban, the party MPs founded two sections of parties: reformist Justice and Development Party (AKP) and traditionalist Felicity Party (SP).


Founders of the Virtue Party were also active members of the National Order Party (MNP), National Salvation Party (MSP) and Welfare Party (RP).

Merve Kavakç?, the female elected as the MP who was banned from swearing her oath in Turkish Grand National Assembly because she wore a headscarf, was a Virtue Party member.

Former party chairman Mehmet Recai Kutan submitted a case on behalf of the party to the European Court of Human Rights, alleging infringement of Articles 10 (freedom of expression) and 11 (freedom of association) among others. In December 2005, Kutan told the court that he intended to withdraw the application, possibly influenced by the unfavourable result in Leyla ?ahin v. Turkey (2004), and the court struck out the case.[3][4]



  • Atacan, Fulya (2005). "Explaining Religious Politics at the Crossroad: AKP-SP". Turkish Studies. 6 (2): 187-199. doi:10.1080/14683840500119510.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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