Voiceless Alveolo-palatal Fricative
Voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative
IPA number182
Entity (decimal)ɕ
Unicode (hex)U+0255
Braille? (braille pattern dots-236)? (braille pattern dots-14)

The voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some oral languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨?⟩ ("c", plus the curl also found in its voiced counterpart ⟨?⟩). It is the sibilant equivalent of the voiceless palatal fricative.

The voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant fricative does not occur in any major dialect of English. However, it is the usual realization of /?/ (as in ship) in the Ghanaian variety.[1]


alveolo-palatal sibilant fricatives [?, ?]

Features of the voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Adyghe ?? 'three'
Assamese ? [b?iti?] 'British'
Catalan Eastern[2] caixa ['kä] 'box' See Catalan phonology
Majorcan[2] ['ka]
Chinese Some Hokkien dialects ? sim [?ím] 'heart' Allophone of /s/ after /i/.
Mandarin / X?'?n 'Xi'an' Contrasts with /?/ and /s/. See Mandarin phonology
Chuvash ç?ç ['?im] 'lightning' Contrasts with /?/ and /s/.
Danish sjæl ['?e:?l] 'soul' See Danish phonology
Dutch Some speakers sjabloon [?ä'blo:n] 'template' May be [?] or [s?] instead. See Dutch phonology
English Ghanaian[1] ship [?ip] 'ship' Educated speakers may use [?], to which this phone corresponds in other dialects.[1]
Guarani Paraguayan che [] 'I'
Japanese[3] ? / shio [?i.o] 'salt' See Japanese phonology
Kabardian ?? 'hundred'
Korean ? / si [?i] 'poem' See Korean phonology
Lower Sorbian[4] p?ija?el ['p?ijäl] 'friend'
Luxembourgish[5] liicht [li:?t] 'light' Allophone of /?/ after phonologically front vowels; some speakers merge it with [?].[5] See Luxembourgish phonology
Norwegian Urban East[6] kjekk [?e?k:] 'handsome' Typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨ç⟩; less often realized as palatal [ç]. Younger speakers in Bergen, Stavanger and Oslo merge it with /?/.[6] See Norwegian phonology
Pashto Wazirwola dialect ? ['lki] 'little, slight'
Polish[7] ?ruba 'screw' Contrasts with /?/ and /s/. See Polish phonology
Portuguese[8][9][10] mexendo [me'd?u] 'moving' Also described as palato-alveolar [?].[11][12] See Portuguese phonology
Romanian Transylvanian dialects[13] ce [] 'what' Realized as [t?] in standard Romanian. See Romanian phonology
Russian 'happiness' Also represented by ⟨?⟩. Contrasts with /?/, /s/, and /s?/. See Russian phonology
Sema[14] ashi [àì] 'meat' Possible allophone of /?/ before /i, e/.[14]
Serbo-Croatian Croatian[15] mi? ?e [mî? te?] 'the mouse will' Allophone of /?/ before /t, d/.[15] See Serbo-Croatian phonology
Some speakers of Montenegrin ?utra [?utra][stress?] 'tomorrow' Phonemically /sj/ or, in some cases, /s/.
Swedish Finland sjok [?u:k] 'chunk' Allophone of /?/.
Sweden kjol 'skirt' See Swedish phonology
Tibetan Lhasa dialect ? [?i] 'four' Contrasts with /?/.
Tatar ??? [?oe?p'm?q] 'triangle'
Uzbek[16] [example needed]
Xumi Lower[17] [RPdi ] 'one hundred'
Upper[18] [RPdi ]
Yi ?/xi [?i?] 'thread'
Zhuang cib [p] 'ten'

See also



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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